The African buffalo is one of the biggest and most dangerous grassland animals. Because of this, they’re considered prize trophies by big game hunters. Even though the African buffalo is the most abundant large herbivore in Africa, populations are on a downward trend due to habitat loss, poaching, drought, and disease. Buffalo lifestyle is actually similar to the lifestyle of the African elephant. The tail can range from 70 to 110 centimeters (28 to 43 inches) long. Why are African Buffalos so feared by hunters that know them as ambush hunters. The base of African buffalo horns come so close together that they fuse. The Cape buffalo is considered by many to be the most dangerous of all of the Big Five. Forest buffalo live in smaller mixed herds of 8-20 animals. Learn more about what makes them so interesting below. In a large group, they are also able to ward off a pride of preying lions. Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. Interesting facts about ring-tailed lemurs, Interesting facts about breakfast cereals. When the buffalo aren’t fighting off the occasional lion, they’re eating grass—and lots of it. Many stories are told about how they ambush hunters that have wounded them during hunting expeditions. They prefer the habitat that has a dense cover of reeds and thickets. If you're minding your own business and … African Buffaloes, also called Affalo or Cape Buffaloes, are large African bovid that inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. Females also have horns that are narrower and smaller. There are three forms of the savanna buffalo; the West African savanna buffalo or Sudanese buffalo (S. c. brachyceros), the central African savanna buffalo or Nile buffalo (S. c. aequinoctialis) and the southern Savanna buffalo or cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer). Weight: Males ±950kg, Females ±820kg's Longevity: 20 years. These large animals are known for their unpredictable behavior and will occasionally attack humans. Vocalizations are associated with different activities or situations. Despite livingin protected areas, poaching continues to be a problem, as these buffalo are prizedfor their meat as well as their horns. Male water buffalo have horns that curve backward. AMAZON. Highly prized by big game hunters, these incredible creatures are members of "Africa's Big Five" - the five most difficult African animals to hunt on foot. Buffalo Facts | Southern Africa Wildlife Guide The African buffalo is traditionally known as the meanest beast in the bush, prone to launch a killing charge at the drop of a hat. This leopard was out hunting when it came upon a herd of wild African buffalo and seemed to think one, perhaps a calf, might make a good meal. SCIENTIFIC NAME: Bubalus bubalis. The African buffalo or Cape buffalo is a large African bovine. 5. The African buffalo is among the largest herbivores in Africa. It takes several lions to bring down a fully grown African Buffalo but leopards and spotted hyenas are only a threat to calves. Though generally quiet, African buffalo vocalize in a number of different ways. A Cape buffalo, a subspecies of African buffalo, grazes in Kenya's Lewa Wildlife Conservancy with a red-billed oxpecker on its back. Fun Facts for Kids The African buffalo is one of the most successful grazers in Africa. Gathering in such large groups helps dissuade predators like lions, leopards, hyenas, and African wild dogs. The sparse covering of hair over the body typically ranges from brownish to black in color. Buffalo will travel through water due to the fact that Lion's don't like to get wet. Males are larger than females sometimes by as much as twice as much. Buffalo are considered one of the “big five,” a term grouping them with leopards, rhinoceroses, elephants, and lions as the most dangerous animals to hunt in Africa. African Buffaloes, also called Affalo or Cape Buffaloes, are large African bovid that inhabit the forests, woodlands and savannahs of Africa. In large adult males, the horns meet in the middle of their heads and are joined by a hard shield called a “boss.” This creates a helmet-esque formation. TYPE: Mammals. The opposite is also true. The male is often almost twice the weight of the female, has stronger horns, a thicker neck, and a shoulder hump. African buffalo -- (Syncerus caffer), the buffalo native to Africa. All rights reserved. The larger bulls are targeted for their trophy value, although in some areas, buffaloes are still hunted for meat. Baboon Facts - Animal Facts Encyclopedia. With its bulky build and thick horns, the African buffalo is considered to be a very dangerous animal as they gore and kill over 200 people every year. How the misnomer came to be is murky, but it’s thought early American settlers called bison “buffalo” because they look similar—large, brown, hulking beasts that graze—but the two animals are actually from different genuses within the bovine subfamily. When the herd is ready to move on after resting, individuals start to stand up and face the direction in which they wish to move. By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. The African buffalo is not endangered and has a population of 900,000, of which more than three-quarters are in protected areas. Well, that depends. These horns can grow to 5 feet (1.5 meters) long. The most awesome of all cape buffalo facts is that they are so dangerous they are referred to as "the Black Death"! Distinctive tassels hang from the tips of the forest buffalo’s ears. Other facts. (The forest, From the base, the horns diverge downwards, then smoothly curve upwards and outwards. Appearance . The African buffalo is not an ancestor of domestic cattle and is only distantly related to other larger bovines. True buffalo only live in Asia and Africa. By Iris Ho on April 25 2017 in Environment. This creates a sort of shield on their heads known as a “boss”. Older calves are held in the center of the herd for safety. Learn more. Buffalo are the largest animals found in north America and can grow to 6-7 feet long, weighing up to 2,000lbs. Females also have horns, but they are much smaller.African buffalo have a democracy. However, Capes are one of the more dangerous animals in Africa. Cape buffalos are found in several eastern African countriesand their habitat spans as far south as South Africa, though they typically avoid desert andsubdesert areas throughout that range. There are about 400,000 adult buffalo in Africa, according to the IUCN. Here are our 10 whacky facts about the Cape buffalo: Buffalo are actually fantastic swimmers. Savannah buffalo have horns that curve down and then up and in, like a hook, while forest buffalo have much shorter horns that are straighter and angle back. The ungulates are found starting in southwest Ethiopia and through Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania, Zambia, and Malawi, with patchier distribution through Angola, Mozambique, and Swaziland. Older male buffalo, though, often strike out in smaller clusters or on their own. The majority of \"votes\" wins and the head female will lead the herd in the winning direction.African buffalo are very aggressive and have a tendency to attack humans. AVERAGE LIFE SPAN IN THE WILD: Up to 25 years. At Billy’s Lodge, there is a skywalk which provides the perfect vantage point to watch both buffalo and elephant herds wander past. There are no distinct markings on the body, although forest buffalo tend to darken with age and may thus have dark patches mingled with the red base color. African Bush Elephant. Newborn calves remain hidden in vegetation for the first few weeks while being nursed occasionally by the mother before joining the main herd. African buffalo make sounds of grunts, growls and other deep cow sounds. Buffalo are often pictured covered in mud with a bird on their back. African buffalo are preyed on by lions, cheetahs, crocodiles, leopards hyenas, and humans, although they are only hunted by the experienced, as they are highly dangerous when threatened or attacked, and many people are killed each year by the buffalo. The mud helps buffalo get rid of ticks and parasites that latch onto their skin. It is related to the Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer caffer), Sudanese Buffalo (Syncerus caffer brachyceros) and Nile Buffalo (Syncerus cafferaequinoctialis). The Cape African Buffalo (Facts) The African buffalo made its way into the Big 5 ranking because of their size, moody behavior and their ability to charge with no warning, the African buffalo has been said to be one of the most dangerous animals to hunt on foot. There’s also the forest buffalo, the West Africa savanna buffalo, and the Central Africa savanna buffalo. The adult buffalo’s horns are its characteristic feature; they have fused bases, forming a continuous bone shield referred to as a “boss”. COMMON NAME: Water Buffalo. The most awesome of all cape buffalo facts is that they are so dangerous they are referred to as "the Black Death"! DIET: Herbivores. Hunting websites refer to the buffalo as “black death” for its dangerous personality—they’re known to be grumpy and unpredictable. Read More. There is only one species of buffalo in Africa, but four distinct subspecies exist: forest buffalo, West African savanna buffalo, Central African buffalo, and southern savanna buffalo. Meanwhile, calves spend up to a year and a half suckling and are completely dependent on their mothers during this time. Each of these buffalo species varies significantly in size and appearance. Central African savanna buffalo live in the central part of Africa on savannas; their range overlaps with that of the other kinds of buffalo. Hence the nickname “The Black Death”. Are Cape Buffalo Really Dangerous? Old males may be solitary. It is found in varied habitats up to 13,200ft (4,000m) high. Birds such as oxpeckers, for example, ride on the back of the buffalo and eat lice, fleas, and other parasites while getting a lift. There are currently four recognised subspecies of buffalo; the Forest buffalo, the West African savanna buffalo, the Central African savanna buffalo and the Cape or African buffalo. ... South African wildlife – Cape buffalo. It is four times stronger than ox. Oct 11, 16 10:26 PM Lion, Leopard, Hyena, African Wild Dog, Crocodile, Humans. Der Kaffernbüffel (Syncerus caffer), auch Schwarzbüffel, Afrikanischer Büffel oder Steppenbüffel genannt, ist ein sehr großer Vertreter aus der Familie der Hornträger, welcher in weiten Teilen des östlichen und südlichen Afrikas vorkommt. Buffalo Facts The African buffalo has a broad chest, large limbs and a large head. Although they are listed as being a species of "Least Concern… The African buffalo is a member of the Big Five animals in South Africa, as a wounded buffalo is known to be extremely dangerous. This page was last changed on 20 June 2013, at 05:29. Buffaloes mate and give birth only during the rainy seasons. African buffaloes are wild animals found in the woodlands and forests of Africa. Learn African buffalo facts for kids. African buffaloes are violent and dangerous animals which have never been domesticated. . Usually, they have one calf at a time, and the female will carry the calf for a gestation period of 11 months before giving birth. Buffalo spend most of the year in herds of anywhere between 50 and 500, but that number jumps up into the thousands in the Serengeti during the rainy season. Cape buffalo danger facts. Average lifespan of the African buffalo is about 20 years in the wild. SIZE: Head and body, 8 to 9 ft; tail 2 to 3.3 ft. Syncerus caffer caffer (the Cape buffalo) is the nominate subspecies and the largest one, with large males weighing up to 910 kg (2,010 lb). The body is heavy-set, with stocky legs, a large head, and short neck. Cape Buffalo Facts: Animals of Africa. It lives in swamps and floodplains, as well as mopane grasslands and forests of the major mountains of Africa. Herds are very protective of their members and they are thought to "vote" on which direction they should take. Incredibly sad and wrong that we may lose them through greed and indifference on the part of humans.
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