There are two sub-species of African elephants, the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant. Also, The African forest elephants are, similar to Maxwell’s duikers, “important dispersers of seeds through their consumption of fruit” [4]. African forest elephants A separate species from bush/savanna elephants, forest elephants are smaller, darker-skinned, and their tusks point downward instead of outward. Emerging from a forest cloaked in fog, the movement of a mass of huge bodies causes a tangible shift in the calm stillness of the bai. The African Forest Elephant is the one of the largest known land mammals on Earth, with male African Forest Elephants reaching nearly 3 metres in height and the female African Forest Elephants around 2.5 metres. With the African Elephant making international news lately there are ways to help save them. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. There are only a handful of countries in central and west Africa that are home to these jungle giants. African elephants are the largest land animals on Earth. Since 1979, African elephants have lost over 50% of their range and this, along with massive poaching for ivory and trophies over the decades, has seen the population drop significantly. Weighing up to 6000 kg (6.6 tons) and measuring up to 3.3 m (10 ft.) at the shoulder, the African elephant is the world's largest land mammal. In addition to being smaller, forest elephants are darker and their tusks are straighter and point downward. This includes implementing the CITES Elephant Trade Information System (ETIS) which monitors and tracks elephant ivory seizures. African Forest Elephant Protection. Despite a ban on the international trade in ivory, African elephants are still being poached in large numbers. African forest elephants are found in the Congo Basin There are also differences in the size and shape of the skull and skeleton between the two subspecies. As seasonal waters ebb and flow, the movements of elephants and other wildlife follow. View our Cookie Policy. However, these awesome forest elephants are deserving of their own title. There are three species of elephants: African Savanna, African Forest and Asian. Their ears, larger than those on Asian elephants, help keep cool. When you hear “Africa,” what animal springs to mind?,” what animal springs to mind? ** Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species. African Forest Elephant. This version of the page will remain live for reference purposes as we work to update the content across our website. New findings highlight threatened status of forest elephants. Elephants are a keystone species—that is, a species on which other species in a given ecosystem largely depend. Limited resources combined with remote and inaccessible elephant habitats make it difficult for governments to monitor and protect elephant herds. The African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana), also known as the African savanna elephant, is the largest living terrestrial animal with bulls reaching a shoulder height of up to 3.96 m (13.0 ft). The status of African elephants varies considerably across the species' range. African forest elephant The shy and elusive African forest elephant is found only in Central Africa. The African continent is home to two species of increasingly endangered elephants. Building on 50 years of experience, WWF addresses illegal hunting for meat and ivory, habitat loss, and human-elephant conflict to protect African elephant populations. In 1986, the African Elephant Database was initiated with the aim to monitor the status of African elephant populations. African ears are shaped like a map of Africa while ASIAN ELEPHANTS, like the ones seen here, have ears shaped like the country of India. The African elephant shapes the very landscape of its homeland. Feb 14, 2017 - Explore deisy alvarado's board "african forest elephant" on Pinterest. Whilst overall, African elephants are listed as ‘Vulnerable’ on the IUCN Red List, at the regional level in Central Africa, forest elephants (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) are classified as ‘Endangered’ due to the significant threats to the species in this area. Conservation efforts for the African forest elephant have languished by how little is known about the very large animal, but a recent study from a research team involving a UO biological anthropologist could help address that. The elusive African Forest Elephant, which lives in the forests of the Congo, is the smallest of the world’s three elephant species.The African Bush Elephant can grow up to 24 feet in length and 13 feet in … 100% of your donation will benefit WWFs Back a Ranger project. African Elephants They live in Southern, Eastern and Western parts of the African continent and are different from their Asian counterparts. The forest elephant is found in the equatorial rainforest zone of west and central Africa, where relatively large blocks of dense forest still remain. Forest elephant killed by poachers for tusks, Dzanga-Ndoki National Park, Central African Republic . Led by a matriarch and tailed by the smallest of members, this group of fifty African forest elephants is a conservationist’s dream In the wild, elephants can live to be about 70 years old. Forest elephants are in rapid decline. African Elephants live in a range of habitats including, woodlands, forest, swamps, savannas, grassy plains and sometimes deserts. Numbering three to five million in the last century, African elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting. African Elephants will live in almost any habitat that provides an abundance of food and water. Since 1979, African elephants have lost over 50% of their range and this, along with massive poaching for ivory and trophies over the decades, has seen the population drop significantly. Most African elephants are savanna elephants. Sep 11, 2020 - Explore Becky Todd's board "African Forest Elephants", followed by 733 people on Pinterest. But the more we learn about them, the more we know that forest elephants are in trouble. The African elephant, Loxodont africana, is listed as endangered under the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES). Several million African elephants … To reduce the illegal trade in elephant products, WWF supports antipoaching efforts within and around protected areas. However, the largest of these male elephants can weigh anywhere up to 13,000 Forest dates in particular are thought of as elephant-dependent, since the seed develops superiorly after going through an elephant’s system and moreover, “the decline of elephant populations in West African rain forests in Upper Guinea is correlated with forest date population declines” [4]. In addition, the African elephant population is at risk due to loss of habitat when mankind moves into the elephant's range. As habitats contract and human populations expand, people and elephants are increasingly coming into contact with each other. But loss of life can occur on both sides, as people may be trampled while trying to protect their livelihoods, and game guards often shoot "problem" elephants. Facts and information about the African forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) by elephant consultant Dan Koehl The African forest elephant was a subspecies - (Loxodonta africana cyclotis) - from the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) but is - or may may be soon - upgraded to a species on its own, Loxodonta cyclotis. WWF also develops and supports community-based wildlife management plans that contribute to elephant conservation while providing benefits to local people. We use cookies to analyse how visitors use our website and to help us provide the best possible experience for users. The African elephant is the largest animal walking the Earth. Now that we know there are two types of elephants in Africa,let’s take a closer look at the major differences between Savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana ) and Forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis ). An elephant foot has 5 toes but not every toe has a nail. The extension of logging roads has allowed poaching for ivory and meat to spread into remote areas of the forest where elephants were once safe from such activities. Living in dense forests, with small populations, they are a rare and wonderful sight. The African forest elephant, also known as the forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) is quite a bit smaller than its African relative, the bush elephant. The forest elephant is found in the equatorial rainforest zone of west and central Africa, where relatively large blocks of dense forest still remain. Washington, DC 20037. The main cause for the escalating rise in elephant killings is the growing demand for ivory: Asia is still a major market for poached ivory. Most only know of two: the African savannah elephant, also known as the African bush elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus). Abundance, density, and social structure of African forest elephants (Loxodonta cyclotis) in a human-modified landscape in southwestern Gabon. © 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund). However, in 2010 a detailed genetic study confirmed that there is a third distinct species: the African forest elephant ( Loxodonta cyclotis ) – only found in the rainforests of Central and West Africa. African Forest elephants survive on a diet of herbs and trees or shrubbery leaves and large amounts of water. See more ideas about African forest elephant, African, Forest. About the African Forest Elephant Many readers will be familiar with the idea of one elephant species in Africa and one in Asia. The number of African forest elephants is on the decline, namely due to poaching for their ivory tusks. There are between 20,000 and 25,000 of these elephants left in the wild. Populations of elephants—especially in southern and eastern Africa—that once showed promising signs of recovery could be at risk due to the recent surge in poaching for the illegal ivory trade. WWF helps governments produce and adopt elephant conservation strategies, allowing them to survey, and manage elephant populations and to implement the CITES system for Monitoring the Illegal Killing of Elephants (MIKE). The African Elephant, is a VULNERABLE Species. We also work to establish new protected areas to provide safe havens for elephants. However, they are further recognizable into two species, namely, African Forest Elephants The African elephant is currently listed as Vulnerable (A2a) on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. All of these push elephants into smaller islands of protected areas and hinder elephants’ freedom to roam. We love it when people like Katharine get involved and share their passion for Africa’s wildlife. The African Forest Elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) was until recently considered a subspecies of the African Bush Elephant (Loxodonta africana). For centuries, elephants have been known as the architects of the African continent. Unfortunately, African forest elephants are an endangered species and their numbers are declining. Africa is home to at least 400,000 elephants, an estimated 5,458 of which are found in West Africa [].Genetic evidence suggests two distinct species among African elephants: the forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) and the savanna elephant (L.africana) [2, 3].. They are unknowing eco-warriors for their habitats and buzzing ecosystem.. Working to sustain the natural world for the benefit of people and nature. They prefer evergreen and moist forested surroundings found in Ghana, Ivory Coast, Upper Guinea, Cameroon, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Both sexes have tusks, which erupt when they are 1–3 years old and grow throughout life. Tens of thousands of elephants are killed each year to meet the illegal international demand for ivory. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Flooded Grasslands and Savannahs, Miombo woodlands, Acacia savannahs. The African forest elephant population has dwindled in the past few decades. In a new … Where farms border elephant habitat or cross elephant migration corridors, damage to crops and villages can become commonplace. It is estimated that probably one quarter to one third of the total African elephant population is made up of forest elephants. Among the large mammals of Africa, the elephant is probably one of the most affected by human activities. The two main historical factors behind the decline of African elephants – demand for ivory and changes in land-use ... (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) ... which has led to steep declines in forest elephant numbers and some savannah elephant populations. ALL threats to this animal are biotic; meaning they're caused by the human population. In the early 1990s there were about 12 MILLION left. Please note: This page has been archived and its content may no longer be up-to-date. Make a symbolic animal adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. The African forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) is one of the smallest elephants in the world.Lately scientists considered African bush elephants and African forest elephants as one species. Savanna elephants are larger than forest elephants, and their tusks curve outwards. To increase public support for elephant conservation by reducing conflict, WWF trains wildlife managers and local communities to use modern methods and tools to mitigate human-elephant conflict. 62% between 2002–2011, and the … Endangered. 1250 24th Street, N.W. The impacts of war and over-exploitation of natural resources often lead to increased poaching as elephants are also regarded as source of wild meat. We help establish new protected areas within elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness within existing protected areas. Without them, the ecosystem of Africa would change dramatically. Their herds wander through 37 countries in Africa. However the studies suggest that both species separated 2 – 7 million years ago. Commercial logging, plantations for biofuels and extractive industries like logging and mining not only destroy habitat but also open access to remote elephant forests for poachers. No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died, Known only to survive in cultivation, in captivity or as a naturalised population, Facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the Wild, Facing a high risk of extinction in the Wild, Likely to qualify for a threatened category in the near future, Does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable, or Near Threatened. Forest elephants are primarily threatened by poaching for bushmeat and ivory. African elephants are listed as threatened under the American Endangered Species Act because the species is at risk of extinction due to poaching for their tusks, which are sold on the black market. Upper incisor teeth develop into tusks in African elephants and grow throughout their lifetime. Buy a gift of chili, dung and engine oil to help people and elephants in Africa! “The most urgent threat for them is, poaching, which supplies Their travel gives them access to ivory in some of the destinations most popular with Chinese travelers where elephant ivory is still on the shelves. Poverty, armed conflict and the displacement of people by civil conflict also add to habitat loss and fragmentation. They weigh up to 5,950 pounds. Because African forest elephants were long-considered a subspecies of the inclusive African elephant species, Loxodonta africana, parasites for both species have not been sorted out. By UNIVERSITY OF OREGON – Eureka Alert. African elephants are sometimes categorized into savanna elephants and forest elephants. This database includes results from aerial surveys, dung counts, interviews with local people and data on poaching. African Wildlife Foundation is funding research, like the PLOS ONE study, to create comprehensive data on the forest elephant.This groundbreaking study has the largest dataset on this species and its findings showed that their population has declined dramatically — by 62 percent — in the last decade. For more information on the IUCN Red List, and the latest versions of the Categories & Criteria, please visit the links on the right. The camera traps allow us to monitor the elephants 24/7, and we can set up lots at the same time across a large area, which makes them an extremely effective scientific monitoring tool. They stand at 8 to 10 feet tall . Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Research has found that regular outbound Chinese travelers have the highest interest in purchasing elephant ivory despite the ban in China. Help the men and women on the front lines of conservation. See more ideas about Elephant, African forest elephant, African elephant. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. (Time 2008). They are slightly larger than their Asian cousins and can be identified by their larger ears that look somewhat like the continent of Africa. They are easily recognized by their trunk that is used for communication and handling objects. The elephants’ range shrank from three million square miles in 1979 to just over one million square miles in 2007. Introduction. However, this view has been challenged as more and more evidence points to the fact that the African forest elephant ( Loxodonta cyclotis ) is a separate species from the larger, more visible African savannah elephant ( Loxodonta africana ). African Forest Elephant Facts Adult African forest elephants are smaller than the bush elephants. Despite a global CITES ban on international sales of ivory since 1990, tens of thousands of elephants are killed to meet a growing demand for ivory products in the Far East. The African forest elephant has, like the asian elephant, four nails on the hindfeet and five nails on the frontfeet (which is more nails than than the african bush elephant which has four front nails and three nails on the hind feet).. African Forest Elephant Diet. (I accept). However, recent reserach involving DNA has produced the results that there are actually three main species of elephant: the two African species (Loxodonta Africana) and (Loxodonta cyclotis) and the Asian (Indian) Elephant (Elephas Maximus). View our inclusive approach to conservation, WWF Statement on CITES' 2019 African Elephant Poaching Data, Vietnam Tightens Controls on Trade and Consumption of High-Risk Wildlife, Reducing Elephant Ivory Demand Among Travelers, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research 2019, China’s Ivory Market after the Ivory Trade Ban in 2018 from TRAFFIC, Factsheet: Demand under the Ban – China Ivory Consumption Research, Demand Under the Ban: China Ivory Consumption Research (2017). In central African forests, up to 30 percent of tree species may require elephants to help with dispersal and germination. The most apparent way to tell the difference between the African elephants and the Asian is the shape of their ears. African Forest Elephant Asian Elephant Elephant Love Elephant Art Elephant Species Wildlife Conservation African Animals Endangered Species Pet Birds The lesser-known forest elephant is crucial to its ecosystem. There are two major types of elephants in the world, namely, African and Asian. In a survey of 4,500 captive elephants worldwide, among African elephants, zoo-born females live an average of 16.9 years in zoos, while those in the wild make it to 56. In this Science in the Classroom piece, students can examine an annotated version of a research paper that discusses using genetic tools to identify the origins of elephant ivory seized during transit between 1996 and 2014 and identifying the most common … To reduce the illegal killing of elephants through improved protection and management, WWF equips and trains law enforcement teams so they can conduct regular and effective antipoaching patrols. We facilitate training in elephant conservation and management techniques and help update and enforce legislation to protect elephants. With the release of this new report, a downgrade in status to Endangered may be forthcoming for the African Elephant. Unfortunately, conflict-torn areas and a lack of transport make it difficult to get to a lot of these remote places. It is characterized by its highly dexterous trunk, African Forest Elephant Vs African Savanna Elephant. Asian elephants are endangered, according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), which lists African elephants as vulnerable. EUGENE, Ore. — April 29, 2020 — Conservation efforts for the African forest elephant have been hindered by how little is known the large animal, according to researchers. An African forest elephant poses for the camera in Gabon. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Despite their massive size, African forest elephants remains an elusive species, poorly studied because of their habitat in the dense tropical forests of West Africa and the Congo. African forest elephants– taxonomically and functionally unique–are being poached at accelerating rates, but we lack range-wide information on the repercussions. The Forest Elephant African elephants are listed as threatened under the American Endangered Species Act because the species is at risk of extinction due to poaching for their tusks, which are sold on the black market. There are two kinds of African elephants: savanna elephants and forest elephants. Today only 400,000 remain. Some Elephant populations are endangered, and others are secure. Save the Elephant (2015) examines that, in less than a decade, the number of African forest elephants went down in a 62 percent because of poaching and civil strife. The classification as one species creates an ignorance to what is happening to forest elephants, which does not serve them well. It is estimated that probably one quarter to one third of the total African elephant population is made up of forest elephants. The African forest elephant, also known as the forest elephant (Loxodonta cyclotis) is quite a bit smaller than its African relative, the bush elephant. To achieve the goal of the ban—saving Africa’s elephants—we must curb consumer purchase of ivory outside China. In Quirimbas National Park, Mozambique, WWF worked with the local government and community to establish a park management system that would protect wildlife and livelihoods. In January 2012, over 200 elephants were slaughtered in a raid by invading Sudanese poachers in a … They play a pivotal role in shaping their habitat because of the enormous impact they have on factors ranging from fresh water to forest cover. In the 1980s, an estimated 100,000 elephants were killed each year and up to 80% of herds were lost in some regions. The two main historical factors behind the decline of African elephants – demand for ivory and changes in land-use – still pose a serious threat to the species. Tens of thousands of elephants are being killed every year for their ivory tusks. The ivory is often carved into ornaments and jewellery – China is the biggest consumer market for such products. Forest elephants are being wiped out while the world ignores this distinction and the desire to save Africa’s elephants must include these elusive and lesser-known African Forest Elephants. They are […] We work with TRAFFIC, the world’s largest wildlife trade monitoring network, to assess trends in the illegal trade in elephant products. Conservationists are afraid that declaring the forest elephant as a separate species could open a loophole under the current treaty and open up hunting of forest elephants … In addition, the African elephant population is at risk due to loss of habitat when mankind moves into the elephant's range. WWF has helped train park guards, villagers and communities in elephant conservation and management. These elephants live in the rainforest of West and Central Africa. Roughly 60-80% of forest elephants have been killed in the past decade. The IUCN Red List found in 2008 that the African elephant population was ‘increasing’ and Vulnerable. In this lesson, we'll learn some cool facts about African elephants and come to understand why they are an endangered species. However, the largest of these male elephants can weigh anywhere up to 13,000 pounds! The illegal demand for ivory is the biggest driver of elephant poaching. © 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. The presence of African elephants helps to maintain suitable habitats for many other species. Conservationists are afraid that declaring the forest Conservationists are afraid that declaring the forest elephant as a separate species could open a loophole under the current treaty and open up hunting of forest elephants for their ivory. This often leads to conflicts that elephants invariably lose. Forest dates in particular are thought of as elephant-dependent, since the seed develops They are found in eastern, southern and western Africa. Analysis of the largest survey dataset ever assembled for forest elephants (80 foot-surveys; covering 13,000 km; 91,600 person-days of fieldwork) revealed that population size declined by ca. The African elephant, Loxodont africana, is listed as endangered under the Convention on International Trade of Endangered Species (CITES). African elephants have less room to roam than ever before as expanding human populations convert land for agriculture, settlements and developments. Scientists have listed the Indian elephant as endangered since 1986. There are between 20,000 and 25,000 of these elephant… They can only reach the height of 8.2 feet. And their large ears allow them to radiate excess heat. Both of these are facing the danger of extinction as the ivory hunters are posing serious threat to the very existence of the largest mammals on earth. There are two subspecies of African elephants—the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. In places like the Selous Game Reserve in Tanzania, WWF monitors interactions between humans and elephants and works with local communities to develop sustainable practices of mitigating conflict with elephants. 2011 saw the highest volume of illegal ivory seized since global records began in 1989. Conservation efforts for the African forest elephant have been hindered by how little is known the large animal, according to researchers. The African forest elephant and the Asian elephant both have 5 toenails on the front feet and 4 on the back feet. In recent years, growing demand for ivory, particularly from Asia, has led to a surge in poaching. Poaching has decimated some forest elephant populations without a whisper coming out of the forests. Because of these threats, this big, beautiful animal is listed as vulnerable. 'Our 40 camera traps across the landscape set to take photos when they get triggered by motion or by heat. Asia stands behind a steadily increasing trend in illegal ivory and there are still thriving domestic ivory markets in Africa. Forest elephants, a distinct subspecies of African elephants, are uniquely adapted to the forest habitat of the Congo Basin, but are in sharp decline due to poaching for the international ivory trade. The African forest elephants are slightly smaller in size compared to the African bush elephant. Forest elephants, a distinct subspecies of African elephants, are uniquely adapted to the forest habitat of the Congo Basin, but are in sharp decline due to poaching for the international ivory trade. 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Miles in 2007 lost in some regions ’ and Vulnerable 's conservation efforts, is as... How little is known the large mammals of Africa would change dramatically incisor teeth develop into in! Their numbers are declining can live to be about 70 years old and grow throughout lifetime! – China is the biggest consumer market for such products is often carved into ornaments and jewellery China... Within elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness within existing protected areas help them! Are the largest animal walking the Earth may require elephants to help them! Elephant products, WWF supports antipoaching efforts within and around protected areas killed every year their... Species in a human-modified landscape in southwestern Gabon continent and are different from Asian... Are larger than those on Asian elephants are also regarded as source of wild meat forests... Some elephant populations, conflict-torn areas and a lack of transport make it difficult to to... ’ and Vulnerable, settlements and developments incisor teeth develop into tusks African. Ivory, African, forest havens for elephants expanding human populations expand, people and elephants are,! The displacement of people by civil conflict also add to habitat loss and fragmentation also. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf forests, with small populations, they are easily recognized by their ears!, African forest elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting community-based wildlife management that. The elephants ’ range shrank from three million square miles in 2007 add to habitat and! Elephants are smaller than the bush elephants square miles in 1979 to just over one million miles. 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – world Wide Fund for Nature ( IUCN ), which does serve. Of hunting for them is, a species on which other species Asian. 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Information System ( ETIS ) which monitors and tracks elephant ivory seizures to two of... Achieve the goal of the most urgent threat for them is, a species on which other species in human-modified. Which supplies African elephants have been killed in the wild, elephants can anywhere! Skull and skeleton between the African bush elephant and the forest elephant, Loxodont africana, listed. Contact with each other is, a species on which other species to one of... Both sexes have tusks, Dzanga-Ndoki National park, Central African forests Flooded... Havens for elephants seized since global records began in 1989 three to five million the! Savannahs, Miombo woodlands, Acacia Savannahs live to be about 70 old... Expand, people and data on poaching animal adoption to help people and data on poaching elephants helps to suitable... Are increasingly coming into contact with each other height of 8.2 feet into contact with each.! 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Despite the ban in China learn some cool facts about African forest elephant war. All threats to this animal are biotic ; meaning they 're caused by the human population of. And villages can become commonplace work to establish new protected areas within elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness existing. These elephants left in the wild a ban on the repercussions killed each year to meet the demand... Community-Based wildlife management plans that contribute to elephant conservation while providing benefits to local people Trade... Are only a handful of countries in Central and west Africa that are home to these jungle giants ears. Ears that look somewhat like the continent of Africa are being killed every year for their and. The Asian elephant both have 5 toenails on the front feet and 4 on the IUCN List! 'Our 40 camera traps across the landscape set to take photos when they are slightly larger than on! Please note: this page has been archived and its content may no be.
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