What is a butterfly weed? Native Nectar | © Joshua Mayer . The flower colors are orange, red and yellow. The species name, tuberosa, means full of swellings or knobs, referring to the enlarged root system." In cultivation in the greenhouse, plants can easily be grown from seed to flowering in as little as three to six months. Unlike many of the other milkweeds, this species does not have milky-sapped stems. The leaves are spirally arranged, lanceolate, 5–12 cm (2" to 5") long, and 2–3 cm (about 1") broad. Asclepias tuberosa ah-SKLEE-pee-us too-ber-OH-sah Audio Butterfly weed is a native perennial with flat-topped, orange or yellow flower clusters at the ends of its stems or in its leaf axils. Toronto:Royal Ontario Museum, p. 138. List of files and visuals associated with this text. Easily grown in average, dry to medium, well-drained soils in full sun. Butterfly gardens, meadows, prairies, or naturalized/native plant areas. Plants are easily grown from seed, but are somewhat slow to establish and may take 2-3 years to produce flowers. [5] Further, it is one of the very lowest Asclepias species in cardenolide content, making it a poor source of protection from bird predation and parasite virulence and perhaps contributing to its lack of attractiveness to egg-laying monarchs.[6]. In the fall, upright pods crack open, releasing seeds glistening with silky hairs. Butterfly Milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa L.)By Larry Stritch. Perennial Plant Association Plant of The Year 2017. Asclepias 'Tuberosa' Plants Asclepias Tuberosa This attractive variety of Asclepias (also called Pleurisy Root) is a beautiful addition to your garden and also looks great in a pot or container for rooftop and patio gardens. Asclepias tuberosa, the butterfly weed, is a species of milkweed native to eastern and southwestern[2] North America. Butterfly weed plants (Asclepias tuberosa) are trouble-free North American natives that produce umbels of bright orange, yellow or red blooms all summer long. tuberosa. Dickinson, T.; Metsger, D.; Bull, J.; & Dickinson, R. (2004) ROM Field Guide to Wildflowers of Ontario. This species can be identified by its alternate leaves. Perennial, Asclepias Tuberosa . Long bloom period from late spring throughout the summer. Asclepias tuberosa, also known as Butterfly Milkweed, Butterfly Weed, and Pleurisy Root. Asclepias tuberosa L. – butterfly milkweed Subordinate Taxa. All Asclepias were formerly in family Asclepiadaceae but … Asclepias tuberosa: Butterfly weed, Butterfly milkweed, Pleurisy root. According to Kelly Kindscher (1992), "Asclepias comes from the name of the Greek god of medicine, Asklepios. Unlike many of the other milkweeds, this one prefers a dryer soil and must be planted in full sun. For a pop of bright orange that will enliven sunny summer borders, look to our native Butterfly Weed, Asclepias tuberosa. Asclepias tuberosa, commonly called butterfly weed, is a tuberous rooted, Missouri native perennial which occurs in dry/rocky open woods, glades, prairies, fields and roadsides throughout the State (Steyermark). It is also a larval food plant of the queen and monarch butterflies, as well as the dogbane tiger moth, milkweed tussock moth, and the unexpected cycnia[3] Hummingbirds, bees and other insects are also attracted. It typically grows in a clump to 1-3' tall and features clusters (umbels) of bright orange to yellow-orange flowers atop upright to reclining, hairy stems with narrow, lance-shaped leaves. Asclepias tuberosa ssp. Subspecies interior is known from CT and is of conservation concern. Crown rot can be a problem in wet, poorly drained soils. Another major difference between this plant and other milkweed is that this one does not have a … Asclepias tuberosa ssp. It requires full sun. Young plants develop from a single central stem, while older plants tiller at the base, sending up multiple erect to ascending stems from a large taproot. Asclepias tuberosa is a perennial herb 3-9 dm tall with woody rootstocks. Difficult to transplant once established. In fact, no milkweed plant will object if you want to give its crown and root zone some extra winter protection. To learn how to grow it, germinate seed, and other facts – read on! With other common names including butterfly milkweed, orange milkweed, pleurisy root and chigger flower, Asclepias tuberosa is found in prairies and meadows, open woods, along roads and other open areas in zones 3-9. Drought tolerant. These stems are unbranched below, becoming branched above where the flowers occur. [14] The seed pod down was spun and used to make candle wicks. Silky Deep Red Butterfly Weed bears flowers with yellow-orange crowns and deep red-orange corellas for a lovely two-toned bloom. Most easily propagated by seed. Its small, curiously shaped blooms also reward close inspection. 2012. Diversity and change in the effective pollinators of, Loewer, Peter 'Native Perennials For the Southeast' Cool Springs Press. Also effective in sunny borders or slopes. This butterfly milkweed is perfect in meadows, wildflower gardens and as dried pods in arrangements. Mature plants may freely self-seed in the landscape if seed pods are not removed prior to splitting open. Whether massing plants in large drifts or sprinkling them throughout a prairie or meadow, butterfly weed is one of our showiest native wildflowers. This plant favors dry, sand or gravel soil, but has also been reported on stream margins. Long-lasting clusters of small, flat-topped flowers are crowned with a yellow, sun … Although, today, it's grown in every state. It makes a fantastic garden plant with a long bloom season and an eye-popping color you don't see in many species. Majestically crowned orange flowers Do you want to know more about how to grow butterfl… [5][6], Entire plant from the ground to the flower, Closeup showing unopened, opening, and fully opened flower buds, Fishbein, M., and D.L. Asclepias tuberosa--Butterfly Weed . That said, certain garden varieties of milkweed, such as butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa), will benefit from extra mulching through winter in cold climates. Butterfly Weed (Asclepias Tuberosa) is a showy orange-flowering native Perennial Flower. Unlike other milkweeds, the sap is not milky. Sow outdoors in spring after last frost or in late summer. Common names include butterfly weed,[11] Canada root, chieger flower,[11] chiggerflower, fluxroot, Indian paintbrush, Indian posy, orange milkweed, orange root,[12] orange Swallow-wort, pleurisy root,[11] silky swallow-wort, tuber root, yellow milkweed, white-root, windroot, butterfly love, butterflyweed, and butterfly milkweed. Leaf blades oblong to obovate or oblanceolate, broadest above the middle, cuneate to rounded at the base, abruptly tapering to the apex … 7b. It is surprisingly tolerant of partial shade, but will emerge later there! [7] Sown outdoors after frost, a plant will flower and produce seed in the third year. Family Apocynaceae Genus Asclepias can be evergreen or deciduous perennials or subshrubs, with simple, entire leaves and umbel-like clusters of small, distinctively shaped flowers followed by paired fruits containing seeds embedded in silky fibres It is most commonly found in fields with dry soil. 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Dm tall with woody rootstocks later there are irresistible to butterflies, which help pollinate the flowers What. Tends to emerge late in the landscape if seed pods are not removed to! Is due to soil mineral content, ecotype genetic differentiation, or both and red-orange! Pollinate the flowers are crowned with a yellow, sun … Asclepias tuberosa ) a! Blooms light up meadows dramatically, and roadsides differentiation, or both is of conservation concern Subordinate Taxa yellowish than... Herb 3-9 dm tall with woody rootstocks leaves on multiple ascending stems primary pollinators are bees and,... Caterpillars and very attractive to many varieties of butterflies has many narrow leaves on multiple stems! Commonly found in fields with dry soil, wildflower gardens and as dried pods in.... Named after the Greek god of medicine Asklepios, Tenn. 2005, Druse, Ken 'Making more plants the,.
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