Solar radiation In the cold part of a year (December-February), when the intensity of an atmosphere circulation above Middle and South Caspian increases, the average wind speeds reaches 7-7,5 m/sec. Caspian Sea (kăs`pēən), Lat. Rashtdistinctly northern, and charming Gilaki-speaking capital of the Guilan-province. These parts are also very low-lying: The lowest point in Europe is the surface of the Caspian Sea, 89 ft (27 m) below sea level. In the high sea it decreases from 90% at the central parts of Middle Caspian to 85% at center of South Caspian. Several rivers flow into the Caspian Sea, most notably the VOLGA and the Ural in the far north and the Terek, Sulak and Kura rivers from Daghestan and the Caucasus to the west. The Caspian Sea’ws unique fish resources and oil and gas fields are projected to provide a significant source of food and economic prosperity to the Caspian region, as well as energy to many parts of the world. The Caspian Sea region has become a central focal point for untapped oil and natural gas resources from the southern portion of the former Soviet Union. Generally, the cloudiness on western coast of Middle Caspian is the greatest in all seasons that is … On the Iranian coast it falls out about 1000-1200 mm of precipitation per year because of humid climate. THE CASPIAN SEA IS ONE of the world's largest bodies of water, situated in a depression between RUSSIA, KAZAKHSTAN, TURKMENISTAN, IRAN, and AZERBAIJAN.It is unique among the world's inland seas in that it is completely isolated from the rest of the global ocean and has a distinctive continental climate which gives the area extremes in temperature, from very hot summers to very cold winters. If implemented, the region is likely to be defined by Russia’s geopolitical ambitions and Iran’s geo-economic anxieties in the near future. Map is showing the Caspian Sea, an inland sea at the crossroads of Europe and Asia. The term Ponto-Caspian region is used in biogeography of the flora and fauna of these steppes, including animals from the Black Sea, Caspian Sea, and Azov Sea. International Law and Concers of the Caspian Sea Region . Ang dagat ng Caspian ay matatagpuan sa Europe at Asia. The Caspian Sea, the world’s largest enclosed, inland body of water, with an area of 386,400 square kilometers and a salinity of 1.2% concentration, is located between Europe and Asia. During warm and dry climatic periods, the landlocked sea almost dried up, depositing evaporitic sediments like halite that were covered by wind-blown deposits and were sealed off as an evaporite sinkwhen cool, wet climates refilled the basin. There are 115 species of fish, of which some are anadromous migrating from the Caspian up the rivers to spawn. The Caspian is also home to large populations of seals, which are also hunted for their furs. In the high sea it reaches value of 80%. Since the middle of March the temperature of air over eastern and western parts of the sea gets lower than over land; in the central deep-water areas of the sea and in the southwest this happens in April. The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world's largest lake or a full-fledged sea. There have been many incidences of other commons being destroyed like, the Black Sea, depleted fisheries, and other parts of the ocean. Humidity Most of the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea is dry, with the extreme southeastern corner leading directly onto the Kara Kum Desert. The negative balance is only in December: form 2 k.kal/sm2 on the north of the sea to 1 k.kal/sm2 on the south (Fig. The Caspian stretches for over 620 mi (1,000 km) from north to south, and between 125 and 250 mi (200 and 400 km) east to west, totaling 143,270 square mi (393,000 square km) in area. Above the remaining part of the South Caspian this range also does not exceed 20°C and increases up to 22°C only in the Apsheron area and around Cheleken peninsulas. Mare Caspium or Mare Hyrcanium, salt lake, c.144,000 sq mi (373,000 sq km), between Europe and Asia; the largest lake in the world. The area has significant oil and natural gas reserves from both offshore deposits in the Caspian Sea itself and onshore fields in the Caspian basin. All eastern winds make up on average 35,9% per a year. It is bordered on the northeast by Kazakhstan, on the southeast by Turkmenistan, on the south by Iran, on the southwest by Azerbaijan, and on the northwest by Russia. It holds much of the world's lacustrine (lake-associated) water: 18,881 cubic mi (78,700 cubic km) of mixed salty and brackish fresh water. The probability of setting up wind fields of the northern rhumbs makes up on average 41% for one year; moreover their probability in the summer is more (48,7%) than in other seasons of the year. More often they are observed in the winter (41,3%), when the stable cyclones form above areas of Kazahkstan and Central Asia. Direction and strength of wind blowing over Caspian are determined by three factors: distinctive general circulation of an atmosphere, field of temperature that is created by the sea itself and a relief of its coasts. U.S. Energy Information Administration 1000 Independence Ave., SW Washington, DC 20585. The disposition of Caspian Sea in rather low latitudes causes intensive influx of solar radiation. Low speeds (2,2-3 m/sec) is observed on south-western coast, in Iranian waters and on southern coast of Caspian. In this section the Caspian climate is described. It oscillates from 210 (Neft Dashlari) to 1250mm(Lenkoran zone) of precipitation per year on western coast of southern part of the sea. Their values are 8-9m/sek in the area of Absheron peninsula. The humidity of air does not change much in the cold period of year, making 80-87% on western coast and 75-80% on eastern coast. Surplus of radiation heat predetermines intensive evaporation on what is spent 54 k.kal/sm2 of heat, and intensive connective heat exchange with an atmosphere. The maps are shown here as illustration. The salinity of the Caspian is heavily dependent on the level of flow from the Volga. This is aided by the fact that much of the Caspian is very shallow, particularly in the north and the east. The amount of precipitation on the Caspian coast depends on interaction of originally different air masses with relief of the coast. It is the story of humans depleting and destroying the free gifts of the world. Beginning in May 2005, oil from the southern sections of the Caspian Sea began pumping through a new pipeline (built by a BP-led consortium) to the Turkish seaport of Ceyhan. Kazakhstan is located northeast of the Caspian Sea, where it has a coastline that measures 1,176 miles in length. The humidity of the air above the Caspian Sea increases from south to north at high sea and from east to west on shorelines. The greatest average speeds are observed in the middle part of the sea and are on average 6-7 m/sec per a year. Caspian Sea Region: Regional Conflicts. Currently, a large debate co… The seafloor drops most dramatically in this region as well, with the Caspian's greatest depths over 3,300 ft (1,000 m). The forested coastal plains rise up quickly into the Alborz Mountains. This paper illustrates the need for objective assessment … At the height of the Soviet era, this seal was made complete and the bay completely disappeared (a disappearance of several thousand square kilometers of water). The ‘Convention on the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea’, signed by the five littoral states on 12 August, is an important step for regional security and economic development. The Caspian Sea, located in western Asia on the eastern edges of Europe, is the largest lake on the planet. 14 THE SECURITY OF THE CASPIAN SEA REGION The number of Russia’s allies in the region shrank during the latter half of the 1990s.
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