Still have questions? The Kalahari Desert, Indian desert, Atacama Desert, Sahara Desert, and South West Australia desert are all good for examples of Vegetations under the desert region. Estadísticas Totales? Vegetation map is critical for understanding biodiversity patterns through space of a country. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); TYPES OF VEGETATION IN AFRICA AND THEIR FEATURES (FOUR ZONES). The essentiality of vegetation in our ecosystem is too much paramount as plants which can independently manufacture food on their own with photosynthesis process involving sunlight as an energy source and can also feed other living organisms solely relying on them as they are the food chain executor and for these features they (plant) are called primary producers. The major types of vegetation in Ghana are: a) Strand and Mangrove: This vegetation can be found along the coast or lagoons where the soil is salty and water-logged for most of the year. There are generally five options for the treatment of most common diseases: a clinic or hospital, treatment from a nurse or paramedic at home, buying Western pharmaceutical drugs from a local trader, self treatment using plant medicines, or traditional healers. They are present in all the agro-ecological zones, vegetation types and farming systems. There are established seven National Parks (IUCN category II). When cultivating these plants at home, it is advisable to remove the bloom since it takes a lot of the plant’s energy during photosynthesis. It is a region or environment predominantly grazed with plants without even a gap on the surface of the earth. Jasmines are … There is established one Strict Nature Reserve (no IUCN classification). “The leaves are used for aiding toddlers to walk”. Red Mangroves, Oil Palms, Cotton trees, and Red ironwood trees are some of the most common types of trees and vegetation in the forests that are in the country. It is a common word that had no basic reference to a significant geographical or botanical source, structure, spatial extent and life forms of any other dignified family and attributes. The following plants are found in. and Parinari polyandra. As mentioned earlier, ground full of diverse plants, a community of plant and plant cover with natural and plant vegetation inclusive are all referred to as Vegetation. Scientists divide the Earth’s land into what are called vegetation regions. Raphia vinifera. Raphia vinifera, the West African piassava palm, bamboo palm or West African bass fibre is a palm tree species. The annual rainfall is poor and the wet season lasts 3 to 4 months, the grasses in this region are extremely short. In this case, Human uses the land for activities like biological difference conservation, water soil and environmental value protection, fertile land for wood and fiber production. Vegetables of national importance are listed in Table 1. A multipurpose tree that is very important for the local population, supplying food, fibres and building materials. Vegetation in Africa term is any green plant of any family covering the surface of the earth or any green plant protruding beyond the earth crust. In Ghana, the climate is tropical, with a dry season in winter and a rainy season in summer due to the African monsoon. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Some of the plants in this zone include Ngibbi, Acacia raddiana, Leptadenia, and the African myrrh. Some of the names and regions or countries are; South Africa – veld, Australia – Downs, Central Africa – Savannahs, South America – Pampas, Russia – Steppes, North America – Prairies. Coarse grasses, date palms, acacia, and cactus are all good examples of plant habitats in the ecosystem of the desert region. Nigeria is a state of forests and savannas. Vegetation is a general term for the plant life of a region; it refers to the ground cover provided by plants, and is, by far, the most abundant biotic element of the biosphere. The contribution of Vegetation to the world economy has been realistic and essential especially in the energy source sector by the usage of fossil fuels with the production of other materials like fuel, wood, food and the likes. There is thus a delicate balance between vegetation and soil fertility, which may be upset by uncontrolled burning or overuse. Artificial or man-made vegetation are most of the time referred to as traditional or cultural way of Vegetation or manor human-made cultivation and plantation sometimes referred to as cultural vegetation or that which is planted by man. The ecology is the science of the interrelations of the living matter have with the non-living matter of their direct environment as well as of the interdependencies with each other or with other organisms (including the human). Mangrove forests and swamps including open water areas: This page was last edited on 10 March 2017, at 18:03. There are established six Resource Reserves (IUCN category VI). Ghana is situated in West Africa between latitudes of 4°N and 12°N, and longitudes of 4°W and 2°E. It includes trees, shrubs and grasses. Mangifera. (All other areas of Ghana have no authentication as protected area.). However, an estimated 90% of the vegetables used in Ghana are generally restricted to local or ethnic groups. The rainy season lasts from May to September in the north, from April to October in the center, and from April to November in the south. Copyright 1999 - 2014 Findpower.com. The National Biodiversity Strategy for Ghana (NBSG) is closely linked with The Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme of the UNESCO and in the context of that to the UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves (WNBR). Notwithstanding, Vegetation in Africa is classified into two main types; natural Vegetation and artificial or man-made Vegetation. Highly dominating over the soil in this region is the permafrost which is as a result of dry winter occurring for a long period of time giving restrictions the growth and development of plants. There the vegetation consists mostly of tall Guinea grass, together with a scattering of low trees, such as the shea butter tree, various species of acacia, and baobabs. A wide area of plant community predominantly dominated by tall trees forming a branch of foliage widely covering the surface of the earth and outgrowing strata with a good number of branches is referred to as Forest Vegetation. These areas have distinct types of plants, soil, and weather patterns.Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet. Soil formation, chemistry, structure, texture, volume, and type are basically affected in a positive manner by Vegetation. Without carrying out any agricultural processes or human contribution, plants under natural Vegetation exists and grow naturally on their appointed regions. this Vegetation includes plants that do not need to be recovered by human actions and activities but grows naturally on their own in a particular region. The word “flora” which means the composition of species is less expounded compared to Vegetation. There is primary and secondary vegetation. Get answers by asking now. 3. Desconocido ... Where was the Empire of Ghana located? Once, a significant part of the territory was covered with dense tropical rainforests. La mayoría de las especies. In the tundra, Vegetation is lesser trees with short shrubs that are stunted such as sedges, lichens, and mosses. 1.3 Vegetation types of Ghana (Phytogeography) 1.3.1 High Forest Zone of Ghana; 1.3.2 Forest-Savanna Transition types; 1.3.3 Savanna vegetation types of Ghana; 1.3.4 Mangrove forests; 2 Protected Wildlife Areas in Ghana. A dry wine region dominated with both rocky soil and sandy soil with short shrub trees inclusive in the Vegetation occurring as patches and intermittently categorized with long tap roots, thorns, and coated wax leaves associated with are been referred to as Desert Vegetation. A list of some of these vegetables is found in Table 2. The agriculture also has contributed to employment in Ghana. Some vegetative plants are very medicinal in nature such that they are usually utilized by pharmaceutical industries in producing drugs for curing sickness and life-threatening conditions. What are the four (vegetation) zones of Africa? 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