The 20th century began with the country in the midst of the greatest wave of immigration in its history. Caribbean cultures are marked by the heritage of the economy of plantation since the 18 th Century (sugar, coffee, cotton), generating highly hierarchised socio-economical structures, and share an identical geographical situation comprising insularity, geographical and demographical smallness and strong exposure to natural disasters. Lomarsh Roopnarine, ‘Indo-Caribbean Migration: From Periphery to Core’, James Williams, ‘A Narrative of Events Since the First of August 1834 by James Williams, An Apprenticed Labourer in Jamaica’, © University of North Carolina. A ‘free person of colour,’ who was accepted by the colonial authorities in 1790s Grenada and rose to a position of military and political power was Louis La Grenade. The migration of colonial citizens began slowly. Despite reform, abuse of the system continued. Also, some islands maintained prisoner of war camps in which German civilians and sailors were held. Businessmen, smugglers and merchants alike took advantage of the economic opportunities open to them. The Caribbean is home to both a rich heritage and diverse mix of people. Bermuda 1918 Cat ref: CO 37/262/69. ... 23 Until the mid-twentieth century, the occupations of migrants – whether leaving or entering Caribbean territories - were hardly alluded to in the records. Map of Chinese migration from the 1800s to 1949. In the 18th century both the Haitian and American Revolutions caused people to migrate to various British Caribbean islands and affected trade. While the documents give an interesting insight into Caribbean history, they also show the views of local people, particularly those concerned with trade and in governance. The last decades of the 20th century marked a new migration trend ... Less than 10% of Caribbean blacks live outside the Northeast and Florida. After the abolition of slavery most available work was on the very same plantations that former enslaved people had worked on; the wages were low, and people had inadequate rights to land. The late 19th century brought improvements in communications by telegraph cables and travel via steam ships. Indentured labour from India and China was introduced after slavery. Before this time, Caribbean migration was primarily internal as migrants sought economic opportunities in other islands and nations throughout the Caribbean basin. Caribbean emigration and return is not a simplistic bipolar movement, rather the flow is best understood as a fluid looping process which has some backflow. The documents we have used in this exhibition are correspondence from administrators of local governments in the British West Indies, and date from 1692-1921. The main exports from the Caribbean of sugar, molasses and rum were all made possible due to the fields of sugar cane worked by enslaved labour. One such community that still exists today is Accompong Town in Jamaica. Florida's sugar plantations were their primary destinations, but they were soon dispersed to othe… Cartels existed on some islands, and Bahamas was used by Americans to consume and buy alcohol during Prohibition. The late 19th century brought improvements in communications by telegraph cables and travel via steam ships. In modern times, Caribbean geography has been defined to include the coastal areas of Mexico, Central America, extending to French Guyana itself. From 1948 when the Empire Windrush arrived until 1952, between 1,000 and 2,000 people entered Britain each year, followed by a steady and rapid rise until 1957, when 42,000 migrants from the New Commonwealth, mainly from the Caribbean, entered. From 1948 when the Empire Windrush arrived until 1952, between 1,000 and 2,000 people entered Britain each year, followed by a steady and rapid rise until 1957, when 42,000 migrants from the New Commonwealth, mainly from the Caribbean, entered. They mixed African with European and indigenous traditions in carnival, religion, storytelling, Obeah and medicine. Initially, West Indians volunteered, but were rejected by the British authorities. Although international attention has been largely focused in borderline countries, the As a result of economic change, political instability, and economic crisis, Latin America started exporting migrant workers. So-called ‘Liberated Africans’ were also indentured during this time. Immigration in the Early 20th Century At the time Everett Shinn created Eviction (Lower East Side) in 1904 the United States had undergone decades of accelerating immigration. The abolition movement was growing, so was the second most important destination of Caribbean &! 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