Takla Makan-Gobi - a continental desert in central Asia. The first reason is that the desert sits on the wrong side of the Andes with regards to prevailing winds. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. Saharan - a huge desert covering much of northern Africa - the biggest desert in the world. As pictured above, the prevailing south-east trade winds carrying moist air are forced to rise. The desert has extreme elevations which range from a high point of 11,049 feet at Telescope Peak to a low point of 282 feet below sea level at Death Valley. The Atacama Desert (Spanish: Desierto de Atacama) is a desert plateau in South America covering a 1,600 km (990 mi) strip of land on the Pacific coast, west of the Andes Mountains.The Atacama Desert is the driest nonpolar desert in the world, as well as the only true desert to receive less precipitation than the polar deserts and the largest fog desert in the world. It sits between the Great Basin Desert to the north and the Sonoran Desert to the south. Three different reasons contribute to the Atacama Desert being the driest place on earth. The Mojave Desert is located in the southwest United States in California, Nevada, and Arizona. ADVERTISEMENTS: The extent and location of these deserts are indicated in maps and table 3.1. Historical Map of South American nations (29 April 1879 - Conquest of the Desert: Through much of the 19th century, the Argentine Republic had maintained an uneasy existence with the tribal peoples of the southern Pampas. Turkestan - in southern Russia . The desert is itself divided into subregions including the Colorado and Yuha deserts of California, the Yuma Desert of far southwest Arizona and the Arizona desert further east. Patagonia, a sparsely-populated region at the southern end of South America, comprises the Patagonian Desert, a portion of the Andes mountains, grasslands and pampas. Volcanic eruptions occurred in this area until fairly recent times, and basaltic sheets covered the tableland east of Lakes Buenos Aires and Pueyrredón. Map of the Desert Southwest. North American - rain shadow deserts in southwestern North America, in the USA and Mexico. This map shows the region depicted as the Desert Southwest at Notes from the Road. There are different ways of describing the American Southwest, but most descriptions are either too broad or too specific. Atacama Desert Map Why is the Atacama Desert so dry? It continues a long way south into Mexico, nearly 500 miles down the east side of the Gulf of California. 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