The hottest temperatures occur in areas of low elevations and in the inter-montane depressions in the region. Because of the heat and the lack of rainfall, there are no large canopy trees to shade animals or plants. In 2005, NASA recorded the single highest surface temperature recorded anywhere in the world in … The desert climate or arid climate (in the Köppen climate classification BWh and BWk), is a climate which there is an excess of evaporation over precipitation.The typically bald, rocky, or sandy surfaces in desert climates hold little moisture and evaporate the little rainfall they receive. Soil temperatures at the surface exhibit large daily temperature fluctuations year-round, while at 15 cm depth there are lower daily temperature amplitudes compared to the surface soil. Changing patterns in precipitation and temperature have the potential to shift the latitudinal and elevational distribution of some plant communities and threaten the pemistence of others. In the Gobi desert of central Asia, winter temperatures can drop below -20ºC (-4ºF). The average temperatures in Sahara desert reach between 100.4 and 104.0°F during the hottest months in almost all parts of the desert except for areas with high altitudes. The kit fox roams the vast grasslands of the northern desert. The plants in the desert have adapted overtime by having prickly stems on them to protect their water storage for example the Prickly Pear Cactus has large spines on it to protect its water. The Chihuahuan Desert boasts 3,000 plant species, including more than 500 of the world's 1,500 species of cactus. One of Earth's hottest places is Iran’s Lut Desert. Consult your local nursery for the varieties for your area because many citrus trees do not like very hot weather either and are subject to sunburn. Northern areas have more severe winters than the southern portion and can receive snowstorms. The climate includes a dry summer and occasional winter rains; mild frosts occur during autumn and winter. Due to its generally higher elevation, the Chihuahuan Desert is cooler; the mean annual temperature is 18.6 C o. The highest recorded temperature in the Sahara desert is 116.6 °F in the Algerian Desert having an elevation of 1,240 feet above sea level. The climate includes a dry summer and occasional winter rains; mild frosts occur during autumn and winter. The Chihuahuan Desert is considered one of the most diverse deserts of the world, and a critical reservoir for conserving biodiversity. Cacti and other succulents can store their water in their roots, leaves or stems so they can survive through the driest and hottest … Some citrus trees can be grown in the low Mojave desert, such as Palm Springs, California, as well as in Phoenix and Tucson, Arizona in the Sonoran desert where winters are warm. The desert is home to more than 130 species of mammals, such as the Mule deer and pronghorn. Hot and dry deserts have a mean annual temperature of 20 to 25 degrees Celsius, and the extreme temperatures can range from 43 to 49.5 degrees Celsius during the day and minus 18 degrees Celsius at night. Three of these deserts -- the Chihuahuan, the Sonoran and the Mojave -- are called "hot deserts," because of their high temperatures during the long summer and because the evolutionary affinities of their plant life are largely with the subtropical plant communities to the south. But that’s not the case with all the deserts. Due to its generally higher elevation, the Chihuahuan Desert is cooler; the mean annual temperature is 18.6 deg C. The hottest temperatures occur in areas of low elevations and in the inter-montane depressions in the region. The hottest temperatures in the desert occur in lower elevation areas and in valleys. 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