Add to Wishlist Remove from Wishlist. Muga Silk Fibers Providing you the best range of muga silk yarns in various counts, golden muga fibers, muga silk fibers, muga silk sliver fiber, muga silk tops in naturally golden color for yarn stores and custom made tussar silk fiber with effective & timely delivery. Muga Silk is one of the rarest wild silks in the world, indigenous to the region of Assam in India. Sualkuchi is a multi-caste town of Kamrup (rural) district of Assam, situated on the north bank of the mighty Brahmaputra at a distance of 30 km west of Guwahati. Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of the sun to the extent of 85 %. It is also known as endi or errandi silk. The fact that Kamrupa produced Suvarnakudyaka is confirmed by the 8th century writer Kumārila Bhaṭṭa who, in his commentary of Arthashatra, said that the Muga silk was a product of Kamrupa(Kamarupeschaiva Suvarna Kudyah). Although Silk was cultivated and woven by women all around Assam, the silk clothes of a particular place named Sualkuchi achieved much fame during the Kamarupa as well as Ahom rule. It is naturally golden in color. Now in 21st century the local weavers and artisans of sualkuchi are using digital platform to promote their products globally. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. Nowhere else apart from assam would you find muga silk. The four commercially known varieties of natural silk are (1) Mulberry silk (2) Tasar silk (3) Muga silk and (4) Eri silk. Handwovn stole made from Thai Silk with multi color.Light weight and soft on skin.This is also a perfect option to gift your loved ones – This Stole can be worn on both ethnic and casuals and can be worn in all seasons .Made in Assam. tech2 News Staff Aug 16, 2019 11:07:40 IST A new bio-ink made of Muga silk-proteins and live cells that can be used to 3D-print human tissue, organs or even implants at … It is usually brilliant white or off-white in colour. The Arthashatra also refers to four trees (Vakula, Likucha, Vata and Naga-vriksa) which the silkworms feed on. Sualkuchi is said to have been established in the 11th Century by King Dharma Pala of the Pala dynasty that ruled western Assam from 900 AD to about 1100 AD. Sualkuchi is said to have been established in the 11th Century by King Dharma Pala of the Pala dynasty that ruled western Assam from 900 AD to about 1100 AD. The silk is very dense. Because manufacturing process of eri allows the pupae to develop into adults and only the open ended cocoons are used for turning into silk, it is also popularly known as non-violent silk. The moth has one job to do and that is to lay eggs. The silk produced is known for its glossy fine texture and durability. The Muga silk sarees are nonetheless quite expensive in nature and also form an intrinsic part of traditional weddings. Handwoven Gamusa - Made of Muga Silk quantity . An exclusive traditional dress, Mekhela Chadar woven with silk is indigenous to Brahmaputra Valley in Assam. AT A GLANCE: 2 Ounces (50g) — Natural Golden Muga Silk — Avg. The muga silk fabric was scoured with detergent solution prepared @ 0.5 ml of mild detergent (Ezee) per 100 ml of water and maintaining material to liquor ratio as 1:30. It is well known for its extreme durability and has a natural yellow-golden tint. Assam Silk (Muga silk) is the product of the silkworm endemic to Assam. leaves. 90K024 Mint Green Floral Print Muga Silk Saree with Golden Border — Regular price $ 245 1 2 3 … 15 Next Traditional Assam Muga silk sarees in beautiful colors; designer fusion with tussar silk, Banarasi silk;, in border, pallu – buy online, in Edison, USA store Innovations. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to “low porosity”, but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. It is used in making hats, caps, scarf’s, wraps, stoles, quilts, bridal wear, upholstery, sarees and kurtas. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. Muga silk sarees. The fine and lustrous look of Muga makes it stand apart from the rest. The most expensive of silks, Muga is an integral part of the tradition and culture of Assam. Muga silk is primarily made in Assam in the West Garo hills. Dharmapala, the story goes, brought 26 weaver families from Tantikuchi in Barpeta to Sualkuchi and created a weavers' village close to modern-day Guwahati. [6] As per the Arthashatra, the fibres of Suvarnakudyaka were of 'the colour of butter', 'as red as the sun', and of the best quality. The Hand-loom industry of Sualkuchi encompasses cotton textile, silk textile as well as Khadi cloth which are, in fact, traditional cloth endowing high social and moral value in and outside the state. The silk is known for its sophistication and timeliness. Silkworm has four stages in its life cycle viz. External links. Required fields are marked * Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of the sun to the extent of 85 %. Pat silk is produced by Bombyx textor silkworms which feed on mulberry (Morus spp.) While muga silk isn’t widely known in the rest of the world, generations of Assam residents have made muga silk garments for the nobility of this region. This silk can be hand washed with its lustre increasing after every wash. Sualkuchi Silk at a very reasonable price that you wont find in local market, Delivery in 15 Days.Pitched with an Un-stitched same color Blouse. Traditionally Muga silk is used to make mekhela - chadar for women/girls and kurtas for boys and dresses made of Muga silk is considered most sophisticated and are expensive in Assam. [13] Silk was given royal patronage during that period and Sualkuchi was made an important centre of silk weaving. Whatever may be the date of the introduction of the worm, its geographical distribution at present day, and the fact species first introduced was a multivoltine, seem to me to lead to the conclusion that the insect was first introduced into India from the north-east (i.e. Due to this adoption of the clothing style of native rulers, Muga production received patronage from the Ahom dynasty in the later period of their rule. Out of this, Vakula and Naga-vriksa belong to the genus Ericales and Magnolia which the Muga silkworm Antheraea assamensis is known to feed on; while Likucha and Vata belong to the genus Moraceae(Mulberry) which the Pat Silkworm feeds on. Your Rating. How is silk made into a fabric? Purchase 15 fiber items and receive 10% off each. The craft of weaving goes along with the production of silk. The muga silk fabric was scoured with detergent solution prepared @ 0.5 ml of mild detergent (Ezee) per 100 ml of water and maintaining material to liquor ratio as 1:30. The number of purely commercial looms working throughout the year and producing different varieties of fabrics only for the market is not very much encouraging. It was previously reserved for the use of royalty. 1,369 people follow this. Finally, the yarn is shipped to fabric manufacturers. The Arthashatra also refers to four trees (Vakula, Likucha, Vata and Naga-vriksa) which the silkworms feed on. Let me start by telling how mulberry silk is made, a process the Chinese developed thousands of years ago and have perfected, making them the worlds experts in producing the finest silk. This golden silk is exclusively found in this state and is superior to the other forms of silk available in the world. The text also states that the fibre was spun while the threads were wet, indicating that the production method was still the same at that period.[8]. No doubt, there are nearly 12 lakh throw and fly-shuttle handlooms in Assam, but most of them are domestic weaving a few metres of cloth for the use by the family members. [3][4][5] Kautilya’s Arthashastra, a political literature of the 3rd century BC, makes references to the highly sophisticated silk clothing from Assam. Availibility. Eri silk, also known as the Endi or Errandi silk, is a creamy white-colored silk. The Indian word ‘sari’ is probably derived from the same word. A new bio-ink made of Muga silk-proteins and live cells that can be used to 3D-print human tissue, organs or even implants at low cost has been invented by researchers at IIT Guwahati. Exclusive Muga Silk sarees collection for wedding, party and Reception wear. Dresses made out of it gives us protection from the UV rays of the sun to the extent of 85 %. The weaving industry of Sualkuchi received a big boost during the Second World War. These silkworms feed on the leaves of Som and Soalu plants and the silk produced from them is known for its glossy texture and durability. It is naturally golden in color. Handwoven Gamusa – Made of Muga Silk ₹ 4,000.00 ₹ 2,799.00 excl. Even Gandhiji, the father of the nation was also highly surprised about the art and culture of weaving of the Assamese women when he visited an exhibition of eri and khadi clothes in Sualkuchi on 9 January 1946. It is used to make fine saris and other garments. The color “shifted,” as expected, but you can definitely tell it is the same color. The commercial and industrial possibilities of spider silk are not yet fully explored. Ahom kings were known to keep many costly muga sets in the royal storehouse for presentation to distinguished visitors to their court. Muga silk has been given the Geographical Indication (GI) status since 2007 and the logo for authentic production has been registered with Assam Science Technology and Environment Council. The fabric was also a chief export of the Ahoms.[16]. The Muga silkworm is a type of semi-domesticated silkworm raised almost exclusively in Assam, India. J.Geoghegan in his book "Silk in India" states that: "It is the Kiratas who introduced the cultivation of silk with its different varieties in Assam and it is from Assam that Silk was later introduced to mainland India. The larvae of these moths feed on som (Machilus bombycina) and sualu (Litsaea polyantha) leaves. Muga silk sarees are made from the rarest of silks in the world. Muga culture is endemic to erstwhile Assam is the largest producers of Muga silk in the world. “Sualkuchi” a few kilometers away from the capital city of Guwahati is the center of Assam silk Industry. The cocoon is made of silk, which is spun from a pair of specially modified salivary glands known as sericteries. There are also references of Assam silk in the records written by Huen Sang where he has written the use and trade of silk in Kamrupa during the rule of king Bhaskar Varman. [3] It was previously reserved for the use of royalty. [7] Due to this description of colour, the type of silk can be easily identified as Muga. The business of Muga silk is a very profitable venture provided one has enough capital. [10] Due to this description of colour, the type of silk can be easily identified as Muga. The Census of Hand-looms in Sualkuchi conducted in 2002 reveals that Sualkuchi has 13752 active commercial hand-looms, of which 54.75% are performed by the woman weavers, who are basically hired from the outside of Sualkuchi. Organic Muga silk yarn, Ahimsa yarn, peace silk, super soft knitting yarn great for blankets, baby products, crochet weaving and more. Clothing (Brand) Community See All. It was previously reported that muga silk cannot be dyed or bleached due to "low porosity", but this is incorrect; muga takes dye like any other silk. 5 out of 5 stars (4,203) 4,203 reviews $ 35.00. Ghisa Silk Mekhela Chador with muga color.Suitable for all occasion.This Ghicha Chadar Mekhela is perfect for your unique style statement.Ghisa Mekhela Chadar are comfortable to wear and easy to maintain. As per the Census report of 2001, the workforce participation rate in the town was 37.93% of the total populations, of which only 0.53% were cultivators, 1.2% were agricultural labours, 56.37% were engaged in household industries and the remaining 41.90% were engaged in other activities. The town is linked with Guwahati by P.W.D roads and with Palashbari on the south bank by motor boat and country boat. "Molecular architecture of silk fibroin of Indian golden silkmoth, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Muga_silk&oldid=967845092, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Wild Silk from Assam with a yellowish golden tint, This page was last edited on 15 July 2020, at 17:28. Your email address will not be published. The first reference to Assam silk was probably in Valmiki's Ramayana. Kautilya mentions the production of Suvarnakudyaka (from Kamrupa) along with Vangika(from Vanga/southern Bengal) and Paundrika(from Pundra/northern Bengal), all of which were types of Kauseya(Tussar/Muga) and Cina-patta(Mulberry silk). Muga Silk Fibers Providing you the best range of muga silk yarns in various counts, golden muga fibers, muga silk fibers, muga silk sliver fiber, muga silk tops in naturally golden color for yarn stores and custom made tussar silk fiber with effective & timely delivery. Staple Length: 6 inches (150mm) ROYAL SILK: This precious golden fiber was once reserved for royalty in eastern cultures. Showcasing rich flora and fauna and narrating modest tribal lives onto their weave and kindling them with vibrant Muga silk fabric is only produced in the state of Assam in India, and muga silkworms are semi-domesticated. Very often the silk outlives its owner. Spider silk. Mysore silk: With this fabric dresses for ladies & gents can be made. The average household size is 5.28 with sex ratio 1045. Such activities are intimately linked with the culture and tradition of the Assamese people since long past. Approximately there are 2,24,381 peoples (according to 2001 census report) inhabitants in this village. Muga Silk. Muga Silk is a god blessings to us because in the whole world it is produced in Assam, India only. White-Colored silk the culture and tradition the product of the sun to the extent 85! As the Geographical Indication ( GI ) of Assam 5 % off each which contains approximately 48 silk filaments to. Only in Assam 500 eggs, its job is finished and it has also tremendous export potentiality known as or... Yet fully explored able to refract the light from different angles, thus producing different.. Spider silk are not yet fully explored different colors of Bhabendra Nath,! Lovely golden sheen on it is produced by the spider is said have. 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