Now, Nepal has adopted the federal system of governance in the changed political scenario. It is a very delicate and complex task to redesign the state structures in line with the norms and principles of federalism. The necessity of federal system in Nepal is clean and clear. This is why having multiple sectors of the government is so important in federalism. A sense of identity can be a source not merely of pride and joy but also of strength and confidence. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5fe861904f4015e8 To become more democratic means that you allow people to have more and more control over the laws and policies that govern them, which is done by putting more control over law creation on the state and local level, rather than putting more of that control in the hands of the federal government, which is about as far away from our ability to determine the laws that govern us as possible. To help support the investigation, you can pull the corresponding error log from your web server and submit it our support team. Federalism is the theory or advocacy of such an order, including principles for dividing final authority between member units and the common institutions.” Why we need Federalism in Nepal ? Wheare 1964, King 1982, Elazar 1987, Elazar 1987a,Riker 1993, Watts 1998). However, this system was not able to achieve the development goals of the country and has been described as an "exclusive form of rule" by its critics. • Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages? Topics covered in this wide-ranging conversation include how the interpretation of the Constitution has changed over time, the relationship between state and federal power, judicial activism, the increasing importance of administrative agencies' … *NOTE: Politics, as I see it, goes through a certain cycle, which is just as likely to occur on the state level as it does on the national level. image source:. To centralize power, to me, is the opposite of becoming more democratic. As a Protection Against Tyranny – One of the most important points of federalism in dividing the power between the national government and state governments, and spreading the national government’s power among three branches that serve as a check and balance on each other, is that it serves as a deterrent to tyranny and runaway power. Federalism is a system of government. Federalism is a compromise between two needs. Open Border is one of the major problems of foreign trade in Nepal.Nepal, which is bordered by India from three sides, has open border policy with India. Below are some of the major reasons why the Constitution is important in a country: There is a newfound optimism for greater political stability, inclusion, good governance and sustainable growth following the elections in 2017 and the establishment of a new government in early 2018. ... Nepal has a federal system of governance consisting of the central or the federal government and the governments of the individual provinces. The landlocked country is bordered by China, India, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. So, our federalist form of government has several advantages, such as protecting us from tyranny, dispersing power, increasing citizen participation, and increasing effectiveness, and disadvantages, such as supposedly protecting slavery and segregation, increasing inequalities between states, states blocking national policies, and racing to the bottom in terms of how they treat their citizens. Here we present Federalism Class 10 Important Questions Social Science Political Science Chapter 2, We have collected all the important questions which came in the previous year exams. There is a large flow of Indian goods at cheap price. Federalismis the theory or advocacy of such an order,including principles for dividing final authority between member unitsand the common institutions. The Interim Constitution of Nepal, 2063 had the provision of the unicameral legislative. By not allowing one body of government to hold all power over the country, you help to prevent any harmful and negative things from happening to some areas of the country. The three powers that federalism is split into is national, state, an d concurrent. The second need is for defensive resources that cannot be provided by any given small community. The cycle goes something like this: 1) taxes are set at a certain level to pay for government and its present programs; 2) then the economy picks up, and tax revenues provide a surplus to the state (this includes revenues that come from federal government grant-in-aid programs that are formula-driven matching grants) ; 3) then the politicians, instead of lowering the tax rate, or saving excess monies for a later time of economic downturn, decide to use that extra money to create a new government program that wins over the voting public so that they can re-elect him/her; 4) the voting public starts to get used to the new government program, depending on it and eventually taking it for granted; 5) then when the next economic downturn arrives, since the state now is running a deficit, the politicians have to convince the voting public that they need to raise taxes to cover the deficit, or face losing a program that they now depend on, in which case the public usually concedes to higher taxes in order to keep that program running; 6) then the taxes are once again set at a proper level to pay for government and its present programs, causing the cycle to start over once again. 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