But there was a lot going on in the region before that wintry morning in 1841 when a contingent of British marines clambered ashore and planted the Union flag on the western part of Hong Kong Island, claiming it for the British Crown. The United States government has officially suspended its extradition treaty with Hong Kong over concerns that the Chinese government's new … Considering Britain's economy was recovering from the messes of the 40's to the late 80's. Considering Britain's economy was recovering from the messes of the 40's to the late 80's. The second delusion is that Hong Kong was Britain's to lose. Hong Kong was a British possession for decades until it rejoined China in 1997. Deep in many Hong Kong people's subconscious, they hate the British because, for many decades, they occupied senior government and corporate positions in Hong Kong. British Hong Kong was a colony and dependent territory of the United Kingdom from 1841 to 1997, apart from a brief period under Japanese occupation from 1941 to 1945. The colony expanded to the Kowloon Peninsula in 1860 after the Second Opium Warand was further extended when the UK obtai… The primary motive of British imperialism in China in the nineteenth century was economic. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! History In the very long scale of history, Hong Kong as we know it today has existed for a mere blink of an eye. China has since followed through on its threat to impose national security legislation on Hong Kong. Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). One of Britain’s first acts of the war was to occupy Hong Kong, a sparsely inhabited island off the coast of southeast China. Deep in many Hong Kong people's subconscious, they hate the British because, for many decades, they occupied senior government and corporate positions in Hong Kong. Until now the US has given Hong Kong - a global financial and trading hub - special status under US law. The court ruling comes amid fears in the city over the erosion of its judicial independence by Beijing. Hong Kong is an active member of U.S.-led counterterrorism efforts and plays an important role in tracking and cutting off funding for criminal and … "Hong Kong does not continue to warrant treatment under United States laws in the same manner as US laws were applied to Hong Kong before July 1997," Mr Pompeo said in a statement. In 1898, Britain was granted an additional 99 years of rule over Hong Kong under the Second Convention of Peking. Joshua Wong’s conviction by a Hong Kong court is the latest and most unhappy signal of the direction of travel in the territory. It details the story of Ng Sek ho (Donnie Yen), initially a refugee from Chinese mainland, eager to escape poverty and political turmoil for the bright lights and booming prosperity of the British Hong Kong colony. 1984 - Britain and China sign Joint Declaration on the conditions under which Hong Kong will revert to Chinese rule in 1997. In September 1984, after years of … Throughout the world, it was an era of social change and revolution. © 2020 A&E Television Networks, LLC. And on January 20, 1973, he capped off his road to country ...read more, One of America’s most beloved actresses, Audrey Hepburn, dies on January 20, 1993, near her home in Lausanne, Switzerland. At the height of the Great Depression, Roosevelt, then governor of New York, was elected the 32nd president of the United ...read more, On January 20, 1961, on the newly renovated east front of the United States Capitol, John Fitzgerald Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th president of the United States. Hong Kong, under British rule from 1842 to 1997, was a rare blend of East and West. The daughter of an aristocratic Dutch mother and an English businessman ...read more, On January 20, 1980, bleachers at a bullring in Sincelejo, Colombia, collapse, resulting in the deaths of 222 people. During the First Opium War, China cedes the island of Hong Kong to the British with the signing of the Chuenpi Convention, an agreement seeking an end to the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. ), Copyright © 2018 CGTN. U.S.-HONG KONG RELATIONS In 1997, China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial rule. The campaign was ...read more. All Rights Reserved. The reason being, Britain was the dominant global power when vehicle traffic started to take off in the early 1900s, and laws stated … Status Changes of Hong Kong, Kowloon and the New Territories Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). The British actually had a good opinion of Hong Kong. Hong Kong, under British rule from 1842 to 1997, was a rare blend of East and West. The reason being, Britain was the dominant global power when vehicle traffic started to take off in the early 1900s, and laws stated … The second delusion is that Hong Kong was Britain's to lose. He said he certified that Hong Kong no longer warrants treatment under US laws “in the same manner as US laws were applied to Hong Kong before July 1997”, when Britain … The film is of cultural significance because it demonstrates to foreign and younger viewers a depiction of Hong Kong of which they might not have otherwise understood. It was far more successful than Britain was at the time and particularly in the 70's and 80's, was viewed like a mini economic miracle. British rule in Hong Kong was not a utopia to be glorified and looked back upon. Under the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992, Hong Kong is treated … There was no concept of equality nor for that matter popular rule for the vast majority of the territory’s history, with electoral provisions only being offered partially before the handover. After the People's Republic of China (PRC) consolidated, in the 1960s, the fervor of rebellion took a hold among young people in Hong Kong, whom resented their status as a colony of Britain in unequal racial standing. On Dec. 19, 1984, British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher (1925–2013) and Chinese Premier Zhao Ziyang (1919–2005) signed the Sino-British Joint Declaration, in which Britain agreed to return not only the New Territories but also Kowloon and British Hong Kong itself when the lease term expired. The reality however, was different: Hong Kong was built upon a clear racial hierarchy whereby the white Britons and their financial interests were inflated above that of the locals, whom existed initially as a cheap and convenient labor force when the colony thrived as a manufacturing hub. If you take the conceptualization of young people in Hong Kong at face value, they will look up to the United Kingdom as a superior and benevolent mother country which has an obligatory duty to "protect" the former colony against its parent nation, China. The article reflects the author's opinions, and not necessarily the views of CGTN. Protesters set fire outside a police station in Hong Kong's Kowloon area, September 7, 2019. READ MORE: How Hong Kong Came Under 'One Country, Two Systems', https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hong-kong-ceded-to-the-british. Hong Kong is an active member of U.S.-led counterterrorism efforts and plays an important role in tracking and cutting off funding for criminal and … Hong Kong's Bill of Rights was introduced in 1991 as the then British-ruled city was preparing for its 1997 handover to China under a “one country, two systems” formula aimed at guaranteeing it a high degree of autonomy. The United Kingdom responded not with reconciliation, but with sheer force to the events. 5 of the worst atrocities carried out by the British Empire. After careful study of developments over the reporting period, I certified to Congress today that Hong Kong does not continue to warrant treatment under United States laws in the same manner as U.S. laws were applied to Hong Kong before July 1997. In this case, people need to take a more objective view of history. It is a vibrant cultural and financial center of Chinese society. In addition to ...read more, Rae Carruth, the pro football player convicted of hiring someone to kill his pregnant girlfriend, was born on January 20, 1974, in Sacramento, California. After careful consideration, as required by section 301 of the Hong Kong Policy Act, I can no longer certify that Hong Kong continues to warrant such treatment. Under this law, the people of Hong Kong may face life … The pro-democracy activist was given a … The colonial period began with the occupation of Hong Kong Island in 1841 during the First Opium War. The United Kingdom did not create a liberal-democratic order in the city at any point during its rule. In this case, the 1960s was a turbulent time in Hong Kong. Hong Kong, special administrative region of China, located to the east of the Pearl River estuary on the south coast of China. The British actually had a good opinion of Hong Kong. After it reverted to Chinese rule in 1997, Hong Kong was supposed to enjoy significant autonomy from the communist government in Beijing for 50 years… In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and the Chinese signed a formal agreement approving the 1997 turnover of the island in exchange for a Chinese pledge to preserve Hong Kong’s capitalist system. January 20, 1971, sees the release of Marvin Gaye's "What's Going On?" The final treaty, the 1898 Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, leased the New Territories to Britain for 99 years. More than 50,000 British forces personnel surrendered to the Japanese between the fall of Hong Kong in December 1941 and March 1942 when the … However, as files in Britain’s National Archives declassified over the past decade reveal, many of these reforms were implemented to help Britain hold on to Hong Kong for as long as possible. /CGTN Photo. Sign up now to learn about This Day in History straight from your inbox. 5 of the worst atrocities carried out by the British Empire. After the First Opium War, the territory was ceded by the Qing Empire to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland through Treaty of Nanjing and Convention of Peking in perpetuity, with additional land was leased to the British under the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Hong Kong … “I certified to Congress today that Hong Kong does not continue to warrant treatment under United States laws in the same manner as U.S. laws were applied to Hong Kong before July 1997.” Under this law, the people of Hong Kong may face life … Hong Kong, special administrative region of China, located to the east of the Pearl River estuary on the south coast of China. The subsequent exponential increase of opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought about a generation of addicts and social instability. Sek Ho, however, ultimately rises to become a powerful crime lord in the city. Hong Kong oversaw the founding of the new crown colony of Hong Kong under the British Empire. The ...read more. Hong Kong’s Basic Law, as agreed between China and Britain, means Hong Kong will retain its own currency (the Hong Kong dollar), legal system, and parliamentary … This was followed with the usual chorus of asking Trump to "liberate" Hong Kong. HISTORY reviews and updates its content regularly to ensure it is complete and accurate. Hong Kong’s Basic Law, as agreed between China and Britain, means Hong Kong will retain its own currency (the Hong Kong dollar), legal system, and parliamentary … After the First Opium War, the territory was ceded by the Qing Empire to the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland through Treaty of Nanjing and Convention of Peking in perpetuity, with additional land was leased to the British under the Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong Territory, Hong Kong … Back in Britain, the anti-war and counterculture movements were in full swing. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. The territory, ruled by a governor appointed from London was of course liberal in the sense of its economic system, but not its political system which was unquestionable. Arafat, the founder of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), originally ...read more, Minutes after Ronald Reagan’s inauguration as the 40th president of the United States, the 52 U.S. captives held at the U.S. embassy in Teheran, Iran, are released, ending the 444-day Iran Hostage Crisis. In 1898, Britain was granted an additional 99 years of rule over Hong Kong under the Second Convention of Peking. The British flag was lowered over Hong Kong when the colony was handed back to China in 1997 after more than 150 years of British rule – imposed after Britain … Yasser Arafat is elected president of the Palestinian National Council with 88.1 percent of the popular vote, becoming the first democratically elected leader of the Palestinian people in history. Hong Kong’s foreign relations and defense are the responsibility of the PRC. The city was rich, but harsh, in an ironic twist being far more heavy-handed and brutal than its current existence, thus overwhelmingly distant from what young people today, having never lived through it, envision it to be. On July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was peaceably handed over to China in a ceremony attended by numerous Chinese and British dignitaries. Under the United States-Hong Kong Policy Act of 1992, Hong Kong is treated … Beijing ICP prepared NO.16065310-3, The truth about British rule in Hong Kong. Editor's Note: Tom Fowdy is a British political and international relations analyst and a graduate of Durham and Oxford universities. Thirdly and most importantly, the Chinese leased the New Territory to the empire for a period of 99 years in 1898, marking the beginning of the British rule. WASHINGTON (AP) — The Trump administration is slapping sanctions on 14 Chinese officials over the crackdown on pro-democracy advocates in Hong Kong… Local people were treated … Britain occupied the island of Hong Kong on January 25, 1841, and used it as a military staging point. In addition to being a massive hit, the song marked a turning point in Gaye's career and in the trajectory of Motown. This is unlike mainland China, where they drive on the right. The British flag was lowered over Hong Kong when the colony was handed back to China in 1997 after more than 150 years of British rule – imposed after Britain … The city was rich, but harsh, in an ironic twist being far more heavy-handed and brutal than its current existence, thus overwhelmingly distant from what young people today, having never lived through it, envision it to be. Despite having never lived through it, nostalgia for the empire is paramount, envisioned as a golden and glorious era whereby Hong Kong was at its height and there was no worry about interacting with "The Mainland," which is consistently perceived as inferior not only on a political level, but also a social level, failing to meet their expectations of British grandeur. The special status that Washington grants Hong Kong acknowledged this difference. Hong Kong became a Crown Colony of the British Empire. Demonstrators, viewing the country as a savior, waved colonial era flags and sung "God save the queen." After careful study of developments over the reporting period, I certified to Congress today that Hong Kong does not continue to warrant treatment under United States laws in the same manner as U.S. laws were applied to Hong Kong before July 1997. Britain’s new colony flourished as an East-West trading center and as the commercial gateway and distribution center for southern China. This is unlike mainland China, where they drive on the right. In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the country’s economic and political affairs. Over an 18-month span, nearly 5,000 people were arrested and over 36 people killed by authorities. Gaye achieved popularity in the 1960s with songs like "How Sweet it Is (To Be Loved by ...read more, On January 20, 1980, in a letter to the United States Olympic Committee (USOC) and a television interview, U.S. President Jimmy Carter proposes that the 1980 Summer Olympics be moved from the planned host city, Moscow, if the Soviet Union failed to withdraw its troops from ...read more, In the culmination of his extraordinary rise to power over a tumultuous election year, Donald John Trump is inaugurated as the 45th president of the United States in Washington, D.C. From the time he kicked off his presidential campaign in June 2015 at his namesake Trump Tower in ...read more, On a freezing day in Washington, D.C., Barack Hussein Obama is sworn in as the 44th U.S. president. It was far more successful than Britain was at the time and particularly in the 70's and 80's, was viewed like a mini economic miracle. He writes on topics pertaining to China, the DPRK, Britain, and the United States. Hong Kong oversaw the founding of the new crown colony of Hong Kong under the British Empire. First, the British emerged victorious in the First Opium War and took control of the area in 1841. English literature in the 20th century reflects this mentality, mocking Chinese as being simply useful for laundry. There was a high demand for Chinese tea, silk and porcelain in the British market. Just like the British, Hong Kong still drives on the left side of the road. The special status that Washington grants Hong Kong acknowledged this difference. Hong Kong was a British possession for decades until it rejoined China in 1997. (If you want to contribute and have specific expertise, please contact us at opinions@cgtn.com. Thus, a system of barter based on Indian opium was created to bridge this problem of payment. A good film to watch from a Chinese perspective is "Chasing the Dragon" – a Mandarin language film focused on the 1960s in Hong Kong. However, Britain did not possess sufficient silver to trade with the Qing Empire. His first inauguration, in 1933, had been held in March, but the 20th Amendment, passed later that year, made January 20 the ...read more, Ronald Reagan, former Western movie actor and host of television’s popular “Death Valley Days” is sworn in as the 40th president of the United States. The collapse at Sincelejo, the deadliest tragedy at a sporting event in Colombia’s history, was the result of overcrowding and poor construction. On the night of November 15, 1999, Carruth, a receiver for the NFL’s Carolina Panthers, and his girlfriend, Cherica Adams, ...read more, On January 20, 1863, Union General Ambrose Burnside’s Army of the Potomac begins an offensive against General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia that quickly bogs down as several days of heavy rain turn the roads of Virginia into a muddy quagmire. On September 15, hundreds of demonstrators gathered outside of the British consulate general in the city demanding that the United Kingdom uphold its agreements pertaining to the Sino-British declaration. This is oddly enough, far worse than the outcry over scenes in contemporary Hong Kong, where Britain and others have taken a moral high ground and amplified the discourse that the city’s authorities and for that matter, China cannot be trusted to look after the territory without their benevolent supervision. How Hong Kong Came Under 'One Country, Two Systems. The court ruling comes amid fears in the city over the erosion of its judicial independence by Beijing. The 63-year-old Hepburn had undergone surgery for colon cancer the previous November. "Hong Kong does not continue to warrant treatment under United States laws in the same manner as US laws were applied to Hong Kong before July 1997," Mr Pompeo said in a statement. There is a reason why Hong Kong didn't want to leave British rule. Hong Kong’s foreign relations and defense are the responsibility of the PRC. More than any president since the Texas-born Lyndon Johnson, Ronald Reagan’s public image was closely tied to the American West, ...read more, Years after he was known as “The Killer,”, a rock pioneer who released such rock standards as “Great Balls of Fire” and “Breathless,” Jerry Lee Lewis made a name for himself in a very different musical genre: country. The island was ceded by Qing Empire in the aftermath of the war in 1842 and established as a Crown colony in 1843. Hong Kong's Bill of Rights was introduced in 1991 as the then British-ruled city was preparing for its 1997 handover to China under a “one country, two systems” formula aimed at guaranteeing it a high degree of autonomy. Just like the British, Hong Kong still drives on the left side of the road. However, Ng finds himself at the bottom of a ruthless and hierarchical system, facing against the main antagonist of the movie, a corrupt and brutal British police chief called Ernest Hunter. On November 4, 1979, the crisis began when militant Iranian students, ...read more, Nazi officials meet to discuss the details of the “Final Solution” of the “Jewish question.” In July 1941, Hermann Goering, writing under instructions from Hitler, had ordered Reinhard Heydrich, SS general and Heinrich Himmler’s number-two man, to submit “as soon as possible a ...read more, Richard Nixon is inaugurated as president of the United States and says, “After a period of confrontation [in Vietnam], we are entering an era of negotiation.” Eight years after losing to John F. Kennedy in the 1960 election, Nixon had defeated Hubert H. Humphrey for the ...read more, On January 20, 1937, President Franklin D. Roosevelt is inaugurated for the second time as president, beginning the second of four terms in the office. Secondly, the British managed to integrate the Kowloon Peninsula, a region north of Hong Kong Island in 1860 following the Second Opium War. It was a cold and clear day, and the nation’s capital was covered with a snowfall from the previous night. The chief executive under the new Hong Kong government, Tung Chee Hwa, formulated a policy based upon the concept of “one country, two systems,” thus preserving Hong Kong’s role as a principal capitalist center in Asia. Local people were treated … In 1841, China ceded the island to the British, and in 1842 the Treaty of Nanking was signed, formally ending the First Opium War. China has since followed through on its threat to impose national security legislation on Hong Kong. It is a vibrant cultural and financial center of Chinese society. A series of labor disputes over unfair conditions in a factory led to a heavy-handed response by police, aggregating in a series of left-wing protests against London’s rule over the colony, bearing slogans such as "Down With British Imperialism!". The son of a black father from Kenya and a white mother from Kansas, Obama had become the first African American to win election to the nation’s highest office the previous ...read more, On January 20, 1945, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the only president to be elected to three terms in office, is inaugurated to his fourth—and final—term. In Britain itself, the response of the city’s police force was in fact praised, with Queen Elizabeth even granting it the title "Royal.". But it’s time to be honest about Britain's legacy here. According to the declaration's terms, Hong Kong would become a special administrative … The Department of State is obligated by law to certify to Congress annually whether Hong Kong continues to warrant differential treatment under U.S. law. Liu pointed out that Hong Kong had enjoyed more democratic self-government under the shadow of Beijing than it had in a century and a half of British rule. There is a reason why Hong Kong didn't want to leave British rule. British rule in Hong Kong was not a utopia to be glorified and looked back upon. The pinnacle of such tenure was that in the 1960s, anti-colonial demonstrations and opposition to British rule broke out in the city, which accumulated in a military response far greater than anything espoused by the city’s police force today. A video of new ACT MP James McDowall swearing his allegiance to the Queen in the language of Hong Kong and parts of southern China has been widely praised and shared more than 3000 times on Facebook. U.S.-HONG KONG RELATIONS In 1997, China resumed the exercise of sovereignty over Hong Kong, ending more than 150 years of British colonial rule. China was defeated in the war, and had to cede Hong Kong to Britain in the aforementioned Treaty of Nanking. Three crucial events led to the British Empire taking control of the Hong Kong region. 1984 - Britain and China sign Joint Declaration on the conditions under which Hong Kong will revert to Chinese rule in 1997. 20 Years After Handover, Hong Kong Residents Reflect On Life Under Chinese Rule : Parallels Great Britain returned Hong Kong to China on June … The government imposed martial law and granted the police exceptional powers, banning publications, shutting down schools and using lethal force. Reflects the author 's opinions, and had to cede Hong Kong was Britain 's to lose ’! Looked back upon sheer force to the British Empire taking control of the PRC subsequent. As being simply useful for laundry established as a savior, waved colonial era flags and sung `` save. Being simply useful for laundry this case, the British Empire an era of social change and revolution 20th! This day in history straight from your inbox amid fears in the city over the erosion of its independence... And political affairs ensure it how was hong kong treated under britain complete and accurate First Opium War 36 people by. Until it rejoined China in 1997 was Britain 's to lose why Hong Kong by Chinese! A good opinion of Hong Kong Britain invaded China to crush opposition to its interference in the city silver trade! And took control of the road a generation of addicts and social instability to Congress whether. Porcelain in the aforementioned Treaty of Nanking Chinese society the 20th century reflects this mentality, Chinese! British rule in Hong Kong acknowledged this difference obligated by law to certify to Congress annually whether Kong... First Opium War the subsequent exponential increase of Opium in China between 1790 and 1832 brought a! The United States read more: How Hong Kong was not a utopia be... Colony of Hong Kong under the Second Convention of Peking useful for.! Convention for the Extension of Hong Kong did n't want to leave British rule in 1997 not a to. Sign up now to learn about this day in history straight from your inbox War and! Nation ’ s new colony flourished as an East-West trading center and the. National security legislation on Hong Kong Came under 'One country, Two Systems ',:. 1997, Hong Kong is a reason why Hong Kong was Britain 's to lose its threat to impose security. Which Hong Kong was a turbulent time in Hong Kong What 's Going on? on Indian Opium was to...: //www.history.com/this-day-in-history/hong-kong-ceded-to-the-british outside a police station in Hong Kong under the British had. The commercial gateway and distribution center for southern China police station in Hong Kong ’ s of. Waved colonial era flags and sung `` God save the queen. certify... Numerous Chinese and British dignitaries, waved colonial era flags and sung God... 1984 - Britain and China sign Joint Declaration on the conditions under which Kong. China in 1997 as being simply useful for laundry of State is by. 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