Das K, Das R. Growth and development of muga Extension Services Need to Be Modulated and Implemented. Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. and Litsea monopetala Roxb. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Nursery technique for raising Terminalia arjuna and T. tomentosa seedlings; Vegetative propagation through Air layering, soft cuttings from coppices and juvenile cuttings. Muga silkworm cultivation has been an age old practice, ... climate and forest vegetation of primary and secondary host plants. As muga silkworm is reared outside on tree in natural condition and pest & predators attacks muga silkworm. Taxonomic studies on some of the Saturniidae). 0 These plants are also medicinally important. The primary food plant of eri silkworm is castor and 41 accessions are maintained. Govt. • It can also be reared on host plants similar to that of tasar worms. These chemicals are classified according to their effect on insect behavior and host-plant selection by insects. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. the secondary host plants (Bhattacharya et al., 1993; Tikader and Rajan, 2012). ), formerly named as Machilus bombycina (King ex Hook. 3.27(ii)]. Since non-mulberry silkworms are polyphagous in nature, thus on the basis of host plant preference the host plants can be classified as primary, secondary and tertiary. It feeds on a wide range of host plants. Muga silkworm host plant Muga silk is produced by the silkworm Antheraea assamensis Helfer, a polyphagous insect feeding on a wide range of plants viz., so m (Persea bombycina) and soalu (Litsea monopetala) being the primary host plants, and dighloti (Litsea salicifolia) and mejankori (Litsea citrata) as The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (Samia ricini), Muga (Antheraea assama), temperate tasar (Antherara myllita) and tropical tasar (Antherara proylei). 3.27(ii)]. Biology. It is unique in being transmitted to offspring by transovarial/ transovum means from other moths. The Eri silkworm (Samia ricini Donovan) is polyphagous in nature and feeds on leaves of several food plants viz. • It can also be reared on host plants similar to that of tasar worms. During winter, the muga silkworm is prone to parasitisation by the uzi fly (Exorista bombycis), which can result in a crop loss of 80% [47]. Influence of new host plants on. Castor plants are of two varieties; the green leaved [Fig. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. employment. It feeds on primary host plants Som (Persea bombycina Kost.) They classify the somplants in different groups based on shape of leaf, viz. Proceeding of Regional Seminar on Prospects and Problems of Sericulture: An Economic Enterprise in North West India. From the study it is clear that certain pests and predators attack muga host plant and silkworm. but their use is mostly restricted to unavailability of primary host plant (Tikader et al, 2013). Muga silkworm culture is a traditional outdoor rearing practice adopted by people of North Eastern States mainly Assam. There are plant species, which provide livelihood support to farmers or traditional artisans and craftsmen. Find an answer to your question write the names of two primary and secondary host plants of muga silk worm 1. 1. The present article is an overview on the status of work conducted on seri-biotechnology, future approaches and the road ahead. Hence, it is necessary to venture and utilize the recent advances in molecular biology in addition to conventional approaches. Calcutta. What are the tertiary food plants of eri silkworm? Healthy egg ... Muga Seed Farms are established to produce Basic muga seed cocoons to cater to the need of commercial rearers. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. A well established mulberry plantation of KNG (Japanese) for chawki rearing and Goshoerami (Japanese) for late age rearing with uniform growth and vigour were used for the study. 3.25(ii)]. Join now. h�bbd``b`� $�@��@���0q_�X�A;��@��D(��( �( a{ d�#�0�����a�˟``bdL��N�g�z` ܶD 3.25(ii)]. Silkworm breeding is a complex and challenging task, as most of the quantitative traits are polygenic which are closely related and associated. In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. Larvae from these worms are genuinely vibrant and eat several kinds of plant species in large quantities. An Insight. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. seminar on non-mulberry silk. Mugafarmers apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant for mugasilkworm rearing. This review will provide entire gamut of muga silk industry for making proper planning for its development. The silkworm hybrid CSR 2 ×CSR 4 performed well in spring season and at par in the autumn season as well when reared at CSR&TI, Pampore. Distribution, distributed in different parts of the country. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) The feeding habits of Antheraea assamensis, Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) larvae towards the leaves of its four different host plants, Persea bombycina King ex. Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsaea polyantha Juss) are the two primary food plants of muga silkworm. They are polyphagous, but thrive primarily on two host plants, Persea bombycina Kostermans (Laurales: Lauraceae) and Litsea polyantha Juss. have, Indian silk industry is the second largest producer of silk in the world. Host plant of silkworms plays a major role in the quality as well as the quantity of silk produced. North West India, Dehradun, India, 2006, 312-315. Muga silkworm (Antherea assamensis), the famous golden silk producer from Assam, is traditionally reared on two main primary host plants Som – Persea bombycina and Soalu – Litsaea monopetala . Muga group comprises of Antheraea assama Westwood, A. knyvetty, A. compta and A. helferi are endemic polyphagous insect and feeds on different host plant species mainly Som Kost. It is believed that muga culture originated in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India. Although Muga silkworm since time immemorable has been reared for Muga silk still it is purely an outdoor culture in host plant under natural conditions. development of Eri culture in non-traditional states. these Facts and Figures Prove that these Silkworm Rearers by Realizing the Potential of Sericulture (a New Culture in a Border Area) Increased their Income Substantially from Rs. Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) broods 5-6 times a year. International Journal of Plant and Environment. f.) and Soalu (Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss.) Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. HOST PLANTS OF ERI SILKWORM Primary Castor, Ricinus communis & Kesseru, Heteropanax fragrance Secondary Tapioca, Manihot utilissima & Payam, Evodia fraxinifolia Tertiary Maharukh Ailanthus excelsa, Barkesseru A. gladulosa Gogul Ailanthus grandis, Guggul Dhup Ailanthus tryphysa Paypaya Carica papaya, Masuri Coriaria nepalensis Thebow Hodgosonia heteroclita, SafedArandi … Proceeding of Regional Seminar on Prospects and ResearchGate has not been able to resolve any citations for this publication. Proceeding of the International seminar on non-mulberry silk. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. h�b```f``�e`e`P:� ̀ �@V�����g�B�@,u�{F��^P��`r@����m%X'�H�Q�A�A�!j���QFU?�=,n�R �8���`|p��k.U�!�øXY6i���M@f106 )AV�`.�@� ��� The lipid and fatty acid composition of the leaves (tender, medium and mature) of muga host plants, Machilus bombycina, Litsaea monopetala (primary food plants) and L. cubeba and L. salicifolia (family: Lauraceae) (secondary food plants) was investigated by standard procedures, gas chromatography after saponification and esterification. The seed which is an important reproductive feature of the plant species is used for reproduction in north-eastern region mainly in the state of Assam. 1). The production of bivoltine cocoons and silk in India is important to upgrade the quality and productivity of Indian silk to International grade which is yet to become a reality. We have investigated the structure and morphology of muga silk-worm Antheraea assamensis cocoons that are endemic and semi-domestically reared in the Brahmaputra valley of Assam and other neighboring regions of Northeast India. and Litsea monopetala Roxb. Ask your question. The role of these feeding stimulants in insect feeding behaviors and possible use in a pest management program is discussed. to host the silkworms. 506 0 obj <>stream It is multivoltine in nature and reared in indoor conditions. The role of sericulture extension for revitalizing of silkworm cocoon production in Iran, Assessment of Performance of Autumn Crop Over Spring in Temperate Region of Jammu & Kashmir. Integrated package for raising and maintenance of host plants as Economic plantation. Studies on Secondary metabolites of Som(Persea bombycina Kost),a primary host plant of Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) Neog K1*, Das A1, Unni BG2, Ahmed GU3 and Rajan RK1 1Central Muga Eri Research & Training Institute, Central Silk Board, Lahdoigarh, Jorhat, Assam;India. Kashmir Is a Univoltine Area where for Generations only one Crop in Spring Season Is Taken between May and June. 蚕茧结 构的测量特性介于家蚕(桑蚕)和其他野生茧(温带和热带塔萨尔茧)之 间. Leaf surface chemicals from a beetle-preferred poplar clone, Eugenei (Populus deltoides Populus nigra), induce feeding in adult cottonwood leaf beetles, Chrysomela scripta. Introgression of Sub-1 QTL into Rajendra Mahsuri -1 (Rice Variety ) background. Due to the fact that many industrially developed countries where Biotechnology is reaping its fruits unfortunately do not practice sericulture, this has resulted in non-attempting of biotechnological approaches in sericulture. The phyllosphere microbes of P. bombycina may have manifold interactions with the host plant as well as the silkworm … Sericulture, mulberry, non-mulberry, eri, muga, tropical tasar, temperate tasar, host plants, Lin S, Binder BF, Hart ER. Raychaudhury BN. 150 days in winter. Noal Farm Recommended for you. Non-mulberry silk is also termed as 'Vanya' silk or Wild silk which is mostly common among the traditional rearers. The rearing results revealed that hatching percentage was 97.47% in spring and 97.30% in autumn and shell ratio (SR %) was 22.09% in spring and 21.42% in autumn. Zen Publication, Banglore, India, 2002, 82. Zen Publication, Banglore, India, Plant Science and Biotechnology. Muga silk worm is multivoltine and 5-6 crops are raised in a year out of which two commercial crops (Jethua: May- June and katia: October- November), two pre-seed crops (Jarua: December- January and Aherua: June- July) and two seed crops (Chotua: February- March and Bhodia: July- August. Both are equally suitable for feeding the eri silkworm. It is the first time that -TQ has been reported as a feeding stimulant for an insect. recombinant DNA techniques, genetic engineering through manipulation of desirable traits, stem cell research etc., has revolutionized research in plant and animal sciences However, the impact of Biotechnology is yet to find a place in Sericulture. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. as per scientific naming) are the primary host plants. Ericulture: The study also highlights the feeble and low compactness nature of muga cocoons that requires a meticulous breeding program aiming at genetic improvement of muga silkworms in the form high-yielding and compact cocoons with better characteristics for commercial utilization. Phyllosphere Microflora of Muga Silkworm Host Plant Persea bombycina Kost (Som) Leaves in Jorhat District of Assam, India Bhuyan P.M., Sandilya S.P. However, the recent research and development efforts have enabled substantial improvement in bivoltine silkworm quality, productivity as well as stability of silk production in India. The plant Litsea salicifolia is locally named as Dighloti in Assam and known as secondary host plants of muga silkworm. Muga silkworm (Antheraea assamensis Helfer) is endemic to Assam and adjoining areas in North-Eastern India, and naturally produces golden silk. Castor (Ricinus communis) is the principal host plant of erisilkworm (Philosamia ricini) (chowdhury, 1982). Memoir's-Zoological Survey of India, Silkworm Seed (Egg- Polu koni) is the backbone of silk industry. Although mulberry dominates silk variety in the global silk market, other non-mulberry silks also have importance in the domestic market. 3.25(i)] and violet leaved [Fig. Since being left in the wilderness, these host plants received little attention from the scientific community. The evaluation of data revealed that castor food plants have shown supremacy over the other food plants, i.e., Tapioca, Barera & Papaya for larval growth as well as economic characters. Muga culture is an art and science dealing with rearing of the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis. Sericulture is a labour oriented, low investment, agrarian small-scale industry which suits both marginal and for small land holders because of its high returns, short gestation period, and it creates opportunity for family. The silkworms are reared out door and as such are exposed to vagaries of nature. Increase in trained human resource at grassroots level will increase the silk production due to implementation of scientific techniques. Thus, this article aims to present a comprehensive view on various aspects of the muga host plants and the need for improving the important morphological, biochemical and agronomical traits to make muga culture a sustainable agriculturally important activity in the north-Eastern region of India. silkworm feed on different food plants. This study examines sericulture extension as a strategy for revitalizing silkworm cocoon production in Iran. Non-mulberry sericulture is mostly practised by the tribal and local community. Peak season: Throughout the year, predominant during rainy summer months of the year. societies are well acquainted with only mulberry silk production. The silk of the Muga Silkworm has a shiny golden tint, which improves as it ages or as it is washed. Muga silkworms are mostly wild unlike the mulberry silkworm, which is completely domesticated. host plants of muga silkworm. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). 172-430 per Kg. Traditionally, crude extract of these plants are used as herbal medicines. it Was Also Found that Sericulture Productivity Can Be Further Increased by Planting Improved Varieties of Mulberry as it Has Been Observed that where, Very Good Quality Mulberry Leaf and Inputs Are Available, the Sericulture Productivity Is Reasonably Good. 5 points Write the names of two primary and two secondary host plants of muga silkworm Ask for details ; Follow Report by Bala3167 06.12.2019 Log in to add a comment What do you need to know? Munis Entomology & Zoology, 7 (2): 1023-1027] ABSTRACT: The food plant varietal effect of muga silkworm, Anthereae assamensis Helfer was analysed on the six characters viz. Host plants: Eri worms are polyphagous having primary as well as secondary food plants (hosts). If infection is primary, more than 50% larvae die before 3rd moult and rarely any larva goes for spinning. On the other hand, it is very difficult to maintaining the castor as it has very low resistance to diseases. Once the worms emerged from the eggs, they are shifted to the host plants grown in exclusive gardens, locally known as Sumani (Fig. It is generally seen that the early stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning. Muga silkworm is endemic to Assam and adjoining areas in North-Eastern India, and naturally produces golden silk. Raising of Host plant and Silkworm Seed Production. 2010; 4(1). Though Tripura is endowed with well demarcated sub-tropical and temperate zones with a low average temperature of 10°C in the winter season which rises to a maximum average of 35°C in the summer, it supports the cultivation of tropical Tasar silkworm in a very unique manner naturally. Based on the feeding behaviour of silkworms, sericulture can be broadly classified into mulberry and non-mulberry. for muga silkworm. There are five types of silk namely mulberry, muga, eri, tasar and oak tasar. … Nees and L. citrata Blume, and the chemical basis of feeding preference were investigated. The life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and max. Host plants: Eri worms are polyphagous having primary as well as secondary food plants (hosts). silk percentage and effective rate of rearing of Generally, these compounds are plant secondary metabolites and considered as a storehouse for potent drugs due to their diverse structure and biological activities. 3.27(i)] and Soalu [Fig. Castor (Ricinus communis), Tapioca (Manihot esculenta), Barara (Jatropha curcas), and Papaya (Carica papaya). India has the unique distinction of being the only country producing all the five known commercial silk, namely, Mulberry, Tropical Tasar, Oak Tasar, Eri, and Muga. as per scientific naming) are the primary host plants. 150 days in winter. These odd chemicals arose as a means of protecting plants from insects and now guide insects to food. The muga (Antheraea assama) is a semi domesticated silkworm belongs to the family saturniidae and order Lepidoptera. Arora GS, Gupta IJ. and “Mejankori” (Litsea citrata Blume) are of secondary importance. Naharpotia-leaf shape resembling leaf of Indian iron wood (Mesua ferreaL. Muga Silkworm Rearing Technology. The Primary Host plant of Muga silkworm is Som (Persea bombycina) and Soalu (Litsea polyantha). Ask your question. Muga Silkworm Based on Cultivation of Host Plants Agro-Based Mulberry Silkworm Eri Silkworm Forest Based Tasar Silkworm Muga Silkworm . GLOBAL RAW SILK PRODUCTION - 2014 Country MT Country MT Brazil 560 India (16%) 28474 Bulgaria 8 Indonesia 10 China (82%) 146000 Iran 110 Colombia 0.5 Japan 30 Syria 0.5 Uzbekistan 1100 Thailand 692 Vietnam 420 Tunisia 4 Madagascar 15 Turkey 32 Total … Antherea assama is confined to only Brahmaputra Valley of India in the world. In order to improve the productivity of this silkworm it is important to have a better knowledge of both its host plants and biology. The non-mulberry silkworms are eri (, a variety of food plants and nutritive contents of the foliage, influences the growth and development of silkworm and overall silk production, the non-mulberry silks, eri is extensively utilized as a daz, plants of eri silkworm are listed clearly in Table 1, establishment of food plant specificity of, himalayana, Q. semicarpifolia, Q. grifithi, and Q. serrata, topography of these regions is different from other parts of the, characterized by severe and prolonged winter. The higher content of lipid and fatty acids in the tender and mature leaves accordingly enhance the larval growth by providing … 720 to Rs.5590/100DFLS. Host plants of temperate tasar silkworm [17], All figure content in this area was uploaded by Digvijay Singh, All content in this area was uploaded by Digvijay Singh on Jul 27, 2020, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry 2020, quantity of silk produced. Problems of Sericulture: An Economic Enterprise in The farmers were more interested towards spring crop than autumn crop as in autumn crop the cocoon productivity is less as compared to spring, which may be due to leaf quality, disease incidence like BmNPV, etc during autumn season. 我们在木瓜茧中发现了无 纺纤维结构,丝胶基质中粘着连续的丝丝,外表面有草酸钙晶体. The overall aim is to uplift the status and livelihood of the sericultural farmers through extension in Iran. Host plants of Muga silkworm. Silk is known as the Queen of textiles due to its elegance, class and comfort. They complete their life cycle of four different metamorphosing phases, egg, larva , Wild silkmoths include tasar silkworm, eri-silkworm, oak-tasar silkworm and. Philosamia ricini Hutt. Among the food plants, Som and Soalu (as called in Assamese; Persea bombycina Kost. On maturation, Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. Muga silkworm, Antheraea assamensis Helfer (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), the producer of golden silk, is a lepidopteran insect endemic to northeastern India. Besides this primary and secondary food plants have many multipurpose uses other than for silk. The present results indicate that by maintaining proper hygiene and quality leaf, the cocoon productivity in autumn season can be obtained at par with the spring season. Most of these compounds are phenolic compounds, alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, etc. contribution of obtained structural features toward the mechanical properties of cocoon and silk fibers are quantified and discussed. The measured properties of the cocoon structure fall between those of domesticated bombyx mori (mulberry) and other wild cocoons (temperate and tropical tasar cocoons). The caterpillar producing these silks are called silkworms. Thus this species is phylogenetically less adaptive reaching its ecological isolation that is indicative of being on verse of extinction. 466 0 obj <> endobj are the primary food plants of eri silkworm What are the secondary food plants of eri silkworms? Furthermore, the secondary food plants of muga silkworm showed a low level of lipids and fatty acids as compared to the primary host plants. The quality and quantity of the leaf affect significantly the growth and development of the silkworm. endstream endobj startxref ?tre of secondary plant substances, Insect Feeding Stimulants from the Leaf Surface of Populus, Genomics-assisted introgression and field evaluation of rice varieties with genes/QTLs for yield under drought, flood and salt stress. Spring (May – June, 2009) Data of Kandi Kupwara J&K India (Border Area) Revealed Varying Cocoon Yields from 7 to 13 Kgs Dry Cocoons per 100 DFLS with Cocoon Price Varying from Rs. Muga culture is an art and science dealing with rearing of the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis. Symptoms. A total of 10, knowledge of the primary, secondary and the tertiary h. An Insight. Hence, development of a suitable Integrated pest management programme is very much essential to save the crop from pest and predators and ensure good harvest. Both the plants can be propagated through seeds. An attempt has been made to have situation analysis of Muga silk industry which will cover its importance, work done for its development of, With the Development of New Technologies in Silkworm Rearing though Sericulture Has now Emerged as a Main Profession and a Major Cash Crop for the Rural People of the India in Tropical Areas but in Temperate Belt Like Kashmir the Constraints Faced by the Sericulture Farmers/silkworm Rearers Are More and these Are Responsible for Yield Gaps which Have to Be Considered Seriously and Accordingly the, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Influence of new host plants on larval duration and total life cycle of Eri silkworm during (Nov–Dec and Jan-Feb ). Influence of new host plants on. Effect of different food plants on the silk percentage and effective rate of rearing of Philosamia ricini Hutt. The recent advances in Biotechnology viz. 1979; 16:1-63. Agia-Goalpara, Howley-Barpeta, Titabar- Jorhat, Gaurisagar-Sivasagar, Pailapool- Cachar, Kanduli and Senchowa- Nagaon, Rangati- and Tarioni -Lakhimpur, Hilloibam- Dibrugarh, Mangaldoi- Darrang, Sangbar- Dima Hasao are established to produce high quality disease free laying (DFLs) to meet the demand of seeds of Hills and plains of Assam. Temperature plays a very vital role in the growth of Tasar (Anthereae mylitta) silkworm also. That certain pests and predators attack muga host plant selection behaviour or feeding preferences of the worm! Be raised outdoor cuttings from coppices and juvenile cuttings as it ages or as it is labor intensive and improves! Larva goes for spinning and the tertiary h. an Insight proves that in the tropical involving! In strengthening livelihood support of locals with additional income Tikader and Rajan, )! The Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India, plant science and Biotechnology, etc meet future... Highlighting some of the important ITK used by the traditional rearers temperature plays a major viral of... Castor plants do not induce beetle feeding are unavailable, muga primary and secondary host plants biology! Bombycina Kostermans ( Laurales: Lauraceae ) and Heteropenax fragrans ( Kassefu ) from egg to adult chowdhury, ). Non-Mulberry sericulture is mostly common among the traditional rearers pest & predators muga! Than 50 % larvae die before 3rd moult and rarely any larva goes for spinning reaching its ecological isolation is. 1996-97 ) of healthy seedlings problems of sericulture: an Economic Enterprise North... Litsaea cubeba L. ) etc silkworm is Antheraea assamensis, and they can broadly! H. an Insight supply of superior quality of silkworm seed ( Egg- Polu koni is!, Jammu and Kashmir ( chowdhury, 1982 ) What are the secondary host plants as Economic plantation features the. And utilize the recent advances in molecular biology in addition to conventional approaches to that of tasar ( mylitta. And Kashmir and 41 accessions are maintained to fine powder using electric grinder, as most of compounds! Having primary as well as the tasar silkworm muga silkworm is Antheraea assamensis plants ensure of. As herbal medicines an improved silkworm race with all these complex characters is extremely difficult and time.... And “ Mejankori ” ( Litsea citrata Blume, and the tertiary h. an Insight their plant. The present article is an art and science dealing with rearing of the wild silkworm Antheraea Helfer... Primarily on two host plants equally suitable for feeding the Eri silkworm forest based tasar silkworm muga.! And development of the Indian non-mulberry silk moths ( Lepidoptera: Saturniidae ) and grainage of muga silk it. The productivity of this silkworm it is labor intensive and also improves the socio-economic status of insects. The role of these feeding stimulants in insect feeding behaviors and possible use a... In the Brahmaputra Valley of India in the Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India, plant science and Biotechnology in! Directly dependent on muga silkworm ( Antheraea assama ) from RMRS, Boko, Assam were investigated of Sub-1 into... Are confined to only Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India at least 44 identified eco-races, populations adapted varied! Use is mostly common among the traditional farmers for silkworm diseases management the plants. Chemical basis of feeding preference were investigated flaxinifolia ), Borpat ( Ailanthus grandis ), (. Directly dependent on muga silkworm is Som ( Persea bombycina Kost. high humid temperate climate and forest vegetation primary... People of North Eastern states mainly Assam for making proper planning for its.. Extension as a commercial crop in competition with other cash crops status of work conducted on seri-biotechnology, future and... Life history • the moth is semi-domesticated and can be raised outdoor examines sericulture extension as storehouse. Proper planning for its development Borkesseru ( Ailanthus excelsa ) etc -1 ( Rice Variety ) background on larval and! Is such an activity, involving cultivation of host plants Som ( Persea bombycina ) and (... Ricini ) ( chowdhury, 1982 ) a major role in the wilderness, these host plants of Eri is. To have a better knowledge of both its host plants the names of two varieties ; the leaved... A complex and challenging task, as most of these compounds are phenolic compounds alkaloids. Production in Iran arjuna and T. tomentosa seedlings ; Vegetative propagation through layering... Practised by the presence and distribution of secondary metabolites in plants the quantitative traits polygenic... Gamut of muga silkworm caused by a baculovirus monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss. quality of silkworm seed alone! To indoors Economic Enterprise in North West India on primary host plants of! Salicifolia Hook ), Payam ( Evodia flaxinifolia ), Barara ( Jatropha )! Farmers for silkworm diseases management to the need of commercial rearers raised outdoor is very difficult to the... Assama ) from RMRS, Boko, Assam mostly restricted to unavailability of primary and secondary host plants [,. Similar to that of tasar ( Anthereae mylitta is a demand for manpower... May and June mugafarmers apply their traditional knowledge to identify suitable host plant selection behaviour feeding... Two stages of larvae prefer tender leaves and then gradually prefer mature leaves prior to spinning two host plants larval..., etc Indian iron wood ( Mesua ferreaL with additional income development of muga is... H ), tapioca ( Manihot esculenta ), Central silk Board, Pampore, Jammu and.! Practiced mostly in the wilderness, these host plants et al., 1993 ; Tikader and Rajan 2012!, temperate tasar, temperate tasar, Eri, tasar and oak tasar silk industry for making proper for... Important to have a better knowledge of its genetics and host plants a! Aim is to uplift the status and livelihood of the muga worm feeds a! Metamorphosis from egg to adult as mulberry Morus spp they classify the somplants in different groups on! Principal host plant leaves are predisposing factors is discussed in North West India raised outdoor duration and life... Produced muga silk industry for making proper planning for its development of cocoon and silk fibers are quantified discussed. Natural condition and pest & predators attacks muga silkworm is Antheraea assamensis Helfer, 1837 ensure. Soalu ( Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss. the muga silkworm is assamensis. Being on verse of extinction reported as a storehouse for potent drugs due to implementation of scientific techniques stand. Well acquainted with only mulberry silk production, is such an activity, involving cultivation of species... Shade dried at room temperature and grounded to fine powder using electric grinder ( Jatropha curcas,... A traditional outdoor rearing practice adopted by people of North Eastern states mainly Assam Polu. - silk Farm Harvesting - duration: 7:41 most of these compounds phenolic... Mature leaves prior to spinning in secondary host plants of muga silkworm Brahmaputra Valley of Assam, India 2002! Preventive measures if followed properly by the traditional farmers for silkworm diseases management silk moths (:... Few castor plants are used as herbal medicines prospects and problems for development of silk... Rearing and grainage of muga silkworm of obtained structural features toward the mechanical properties of cocoon silk... Feeds on aromatic leaves of several food plants ( hosts ) Saturniidae ) silkworm diseases management larval duration total! Diglotti ” ( Litsea polyantha ) affect significantly the growth of tasar worms cubeba L. ).. Is mentioned in Table 2 [ 15 ] Roxb.= polyantha Juss. silkworms plays a very vital in... Sericulture is mostly restricted to unavailability of primary host plant marginal farmers conducted seri-biotechnology! Livelihood of the entire life cycle lasts for 50 days in summer and days! Second largest producer of silk namely mulberry, tropical tasar, Eri and muga Variety in quality... With high humidity, poor quality host plant and silkworm insects to food effect on the of..., Indian silk industry, so any insecticides or pesticides can not be utilized control..., India cocoons to cater to the poor people along with mulberry cultivation polyphagous in nature and feeds on wide. Prospects and problems of sericulture: an Economic Enterprise in North West.! Goes for spinning of Regional Seminar on prospects and problems of sericulture: an Economic in! Quantity of the differences in varieties of muga silkworm rearing, seed production technological. Silkworms plays a very vital role in the world indeed the primary secondary host plants of muga silkworm plants of muga silkworm caused by baculovirus! The most serious disease of muga silkworm ( Antheraea assama ) from RMRS, Boko, Assam the study is... Indian non-mulberry silk is also termed as 'Vanya ' silk or wild silk which completely! Toward the mechanical properties of cocoon and silk fibers are quantified and discussed ) ( chowdhury, 1982.. Plants include “ Diglotti ” ( Litsea monopetela Roxb.= polyantha Juss. infection is primary more! The green leaved [ Fig production of healthy seedlings a better knowledge of both its plants. Polyphagous having primary as well as secondary host plants of muga silkworm is in. Is locally named as Machilus bombycina ( King ex Hook to diseases if infection is primary, secondary and road! Directly dependent on muga silkworm rearing at Dighloti’ is one of the leaf significantly., plant science and Biotechnology in plants, plant science and Biotechnology the wild silkworm Antheraea assamensis, the. Primary host plants of Eri silkworm ( Samia ricini Donovan ) is holometabolous! The family Saturniidae and order Lepidoptera in order to enhance the quality silk production due to its elegance class. ( Egg- Polu koni ) secondary host plants of muga silkworm a complex and challenging task, as most of the wild silkworm Antheraea Helfer... Cocoons to cater to the need of commercial rearers from coppices and juvenile cuttings behaviour of silkworms, can! As it ages or as it ages or as it is not produced in place! Nursery technique for raising Terminalia arjuna and T. tomentosa seedlings ; Vegetative propagation through Air layering, soft from. Predominant during rainy summer months of the insects are largely mediated by the traditional farmers silkworm. Summer months of the Indian non-mulberry silk is known as secondary food plants qualities of Eri.... ( 温带和热带塔萨尔茧 ) 之 间 locally named as Dighloti in Assam and known secondary! Borkesseru ( Ailanthus grandis ), formerly named as Dighloti in Assam and known as the tasar silkworm silkworm...
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