So let’s explore the philosophy of one of the most famous Greek philosophers of all time. For TED, he’s put together this reading list of (mainly) pessimistic philosophers who have inspired his thinking about positivity. It is derived from the Latin pessimus (“worst”). When thinking about the future, it is fashionable to be pessimistic. But read the real Epicurus and you’ll see that his idea of pleasure was quite immaterial; in fact, it was all about having a group of good friends and reading books together outdoors.”, “Plato recounts the last days of his mentor and teacher Socrates, famously made to drink hemlock by the people of Athens. Famous Pessimists. Within this construct, he viewed personal choice and commitment as preeminent. I do not want to accuse . Nihilism has been unjustly regarded as a violent and even terroristic philosophy, but it is true that nihilism has been used in support of violence and many early nihilists were violent revolutionaries. Close. Vladimir Lenin. You can sign in to vote the answer. The Road Not Taken - Robert Frost. Optimism Rules the World “We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.” — Oscar Wilde. 10 Rene Descartes Passion For Cross-Eyed Ladies. (Clov) "Mine was always that." Emil Cioran is Romania’s most famous thinker: his darkly pessimistic philosophy is a perfect antidote to the sentimental cheeriness of our times. . It is derived from the Latin optimum (“best”). He also writes in a personal and often very frank way designed to shock the prudish. Give some example of pessimistic sentence? Over the past 2,500 years there have been many Famous Philosophers who have discovered and written on various aspects of Truth and Reality. But these living philosophers have a ton to say about life, the universe, and everything as it relates to right now. ‘Kings and philosophers shit, and so do ladies,’ he says. I want to read pessimist philosophers. Optimism wasn’t always the ruler. In this essay I consider this pessimistic judgment from a philosophical perspective. As a philosopher, he is best remembered for his “optimism” and as an advocate of rationalism along with Descartes and Spinoza. See more ideas about famous philosophers, philosophers, philosophy. Marcus Aurelius (121 – 180) – Roman Emperor and philosopher. Those who do not hope for anything also do not fear, but are apathetic. With this segment, explore some of the famous philosophers of the 20th century. Archived. The era saw some of greatest minds at work in the field of philosophy starting from Bertrand Russell, Gilbert Ryle, Alfred Tarski, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Leo Strauss, Ernst Cassirer, José Juan González, John Dewey and so on. Roger Caldwell looks at the most pessimistic of philosophers. '”, 2. Letters from a Stoic Sort by. Everything Is Fire. Confucius, also referred to as Kong Qui or K’ung Fu-tzu, was a Chinese philosopher, teacher, and political figure largely considered the father of the Eastern style of thought. Pessimism: Philosophy, Ethic, Spirit examines the pessimistic tradition in all its variants—cultural, metaphysical and existential—and analyzes the works of some of its chief practitioners. It is a positive outlook because one knows (or at least believes) the outcome is almost assured. Pessimism is the antithesis of optimism, an attitude of general hopefulness, coupled with the view that there is a balance of good and pleasure in the world. Thu-Huong Ha writes and edits for TED. Atheism has long been closely associated with nihilism, both for good and for bad reasons, but usually for bad reasons in the writings of critics of both. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence. tags: fiction, on-fiction, pessimism, reality. Interestingly, the philosophy of the 20th century is known as contemporary philosophy. Post published: March 31, 2019; Reading time: 8 mins read; Post category: Food for Thought / History & Archaeology / Personal Development / Self-Improvement; There are certain French philosophers whose ideas can provide valuable and critical insight into our lives and society today. Nietzsche wrote a great deal about nihilism, it is true, but that was because he was concerned about the effects of nihilism on society and culture, not because he advocated nihilism. When at his best in making his case for the vitality and pertinence of pessimism, Mr. Dienstag may well cause readers to wonder whether they should take up pessimism as their own philosophy." See more ideas about famous philosophers, philosophers, philosophy. We hope you find … Essays and Aphorisms Sartre. Quotations from The World as Will and Representation. Confucius (551-479 BC) Famous For: The Golden Rule andConfucianism Born during the Spring & Autumnera in Chinese history, Confucius and his ideas on social and personal relationships became a schoolof thought that … Apr 25, 2014 - Explore Brian Bix's board "Famous Philosophers" on Pinterest. What is the adverb of pessimistic? Arthur Schopenhauer, “Schopenhauer is another great pessimist who makes you feel happier. Heraclitus the Crying Philosopher, Peter Paul Rubens, 1636-8, Prado (left); Fire from Barry Island Fire Festival, Photo by Andy Watkins (right). Spain is often accused of having produced only mediocre thinkers, unlike its painters. All of these tend to be basic characteristics of nihilistic philosophies. Like “Sometimes fiction is more easily understood than true events. The term nihilism comes from the Latin word ‘nihil’ which literally means “nothing.” Many believe that it was originally coined by Russian novelist Ivan Turgenev in his novel Fathers and Sons (1862) but it probably first appeared several decades earlier. The dual are similar in the way they describe the state of nature in which man exist without government and they expound on the risks in the state. If you’ve ever even glanced at his 1933 (?) On the one hand, we might feel that we . Epicurus, “Epicurus was the first philosopher to say that pleasure was the most important thing in life. 483 971 . But what mires me in pessimism is the fact that so much of life is pain and sorrow and willful ignorance and violence, and pushing back against that tide takes so much effort, so much steady fight. You can find this assertion in both popular and academic literature, yet as widespread as it is, it isn’t an accurate portrayal of his work. He tells us nice things about the need for struggle in life. The History of philosophy is as rich as it is complex. See more ideas about Philosophy, Words, Camus quotes. Nevertheless, Turgenev’s use of the word to describe the views he attributed to young intellectual critics of feudal society generally and the Tsarist regime, in particular, gave the word its widespread popularity. Jesmyn Ward. Yet the evidence unequivocally belies such pessimism. Optimism is the faith that leads to achievement. Daria, the queen of '90s sarcasm, is known for dropping some real truth bombs about life and the people in it. Patheos Explore the world's faith through different perspectives on … . There is a common misconception that the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was a nihilist. It claims that life, existence and humankind hold a negative value, if they do hold any value at all to begin with. [This is quite dubious.] Professional philosophy has little to say about optimism . ‘What need is there to weep over parts of life?’ he asks. Anonymous. There is a common misconception that the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche was a nihilist. If You Forget Me - Pablo Neruda. 311 778 . The most famous exposition of this is his metaphor of the Cave, where people living in a cave are only able to see flickering shadows projected on the wall of the external reality. They were too few in number to pose a threat to the stability of society, but their violence was a threat to the lives of those in power. Perhaps the original nihilist was Gorgias (483 to 378 BCE) who is famous for having said: “Nothing exists. We will cover Heraclitus’ basic ideas while explaining some of his most famous quotes. Stopping By Woods On A Snowy Evening - Robert Frost. If Leibniz, that great German figure of the Enlightenment, proclaimed that we live in the best of all possible worlds, Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) held that we live in one of the worst – one permeated through and through by suffering and death. Morton has been most influential in the development of the focus of ontology in contemporary philosophy, and is most famous for his book Ecology Without Nature (2007), and his major role in the object-oriented ontology (OOO) movement. save hide report. Along with his famous student Aristotle and equally famous teacher Socrates, Plato is considered one of the founders of spirituality and Western religion. Daria GIF - Find & Share on GIPHY. My personal philosophy on this is that regardless of whether or not we like this perspective, we are programmed to continue to live. When one feels fear, one can recognize that this indicates a hope buried somewhere within. Invictus: The Unconquerable - William Ernest Henley. It’s not an opinion about reality; it’s a starting point for dealing with reality. His philosophical work and ideas were mostly presented as short stories. Many of the most common responses to the basic premises of nihilism come down to despair: despair over the loss of God, despair over the loss of objective and absolute values, and/or despair over the postmodern condition of alienation and dehumanization. Over … A notoriously pessimistic philosopher who aspired to give meaning to the human condition through the appreciation and analysis of art, Arthur Schopenhauer challenged the depictions of the perceptual world put forth by Plato and Emmanuel Kant. '”, 3. Here is an overview of great philosophers and major schools of thought that have punctuated the long history of philosophy from Ancient Greece to the Modern World. “Schopenhauer is another great pessimist who makes you feel happier. Sign in. He also presented the Law of Continuity. Our famous American optimism faces a mortal threat in the combination of an unwinnable war, a collapsing dollar, a sagging economy for most people, trouble on … He makes some brilliant analyses of why love affairs tend to go wrong (he’s perfect to read after a breakup). The Father of Modern Philosophy, Rene Descartes (1596–1650), maintained close friendships and correspondence with powerful and wealthy women, such as Queen Christina of Sweden and the exiled Princess Elizabeth of … That does not, however, exhaust all of the possible responses — just as with early Russian Nihilism, there are those who embrace this perspective and rely upon it as a means for further development. It has to be either the Romanian-French philosopher Emil Cioran, or the Norwegian philosopher P. W. Zapffe. The Complete Essays Optimism is a fundamental attitude. His writing is widely interpreted to be a form of pessimistic philosophy … It’s a tear-jerking account, as the funny and wise Socrates is put to death by his ignorant contemporaries. ‘Even on the highest throne in the world, we are seated still upon our arses. 320 736 . By Jurriaan Kamp | December 2014. Kierkegaard. It is biologically impossible. Jul 22, 2014 - because life isn't all puppy dogs and fluffy yellow chicks. Another multitasker of a philosopher, Saul Kripke is an American philosopher, currently emeritus professor at Princeton University, who has spread his wings across philosophy of language, logic, philosophy of mathematics, metaphysics, and epistemology. Listed here are some of the oddest obsessions of famous philosophers, which have likely lent credence to the stereotype. In his talk from 2009, he suggests that many of our modern values — like our sense of limitless possibility and upward growth — can actually lead us to stress harder about how well we’re doing. To help you find some much needed inspiration, we rounded up 50 of the best philosophical life quotes from famous philosophers. For those of a pessimistic frame of mind, Martin Chilton picks 40 gloomy quotations from some of world's most mordant minds . This thread is archived. 5 comments. Our structure follows the different time period of the various Western Philosophers. But sigmund freud was pretty pessimistic too. Pretty much that, I would like to read pessimist philosophers or "sad" philosophers. This influenced many later thinkers, particularly the Neoplatonists and the Gnostics, and is similar to views held by some schools of Hindu dualistic metaphysics” Post author: Alexander Nyland, B.A. as already mentioned. Nothing can be done without hope and confidence. You need to remember that a leadership philosophy needs to be personal and unique. Anonymous. 589 1201 . Schopenhauer’s most influential work, The World As Will and Representation, examines the role of humanity’s main motivation, which Schopenhauer called will. We tend to imagine that cheering people up involves saying happy things. The famous German philosopher; Leibnitz was the first to express in philosophical terms the optimistic view of life, and Schopenhauer was at the first German Philosopher in the West to build his philosophy on pessimism. As a philosopher, he is best remembered for his “optimism” and as an advocate of rationalism along with Descartes and Spinoza. agree . Those are divide into the following categories: Most of the basic principles can be found in the development of ancient skepticism among the ancient Greeks. History of Existentialism, Existentialist Philosophy. One of the most celebrated children’s authors of all time is also one of the most famous failures. The philosophy you eventually cultivate for yourself shouldn’t necessarily be a perfect mirror image of the examples you consider. paradoxical reaction to pessimistic judgments such as Schopenhauer’s. If it was known, the knowledge of it would be incommunicable.”. His general drift is that you’d be mad to expect happiness from a relationship.” 4. The basic principles which underlie nihilism existed long before there was a term that attempted to describe them as a coherent whole. Optimism can be a type of not-quite-hope that does not take any courage. Plato was one of the most important Ancient Greek philosophers, who contributed greatly to the fields of mathematics, metaphysics, politics, art, and poetry. If anything did exist it could not be known. Anonymous. Arthur Schopenhauer (1788 – 1860) was a German philosopher known for his atheism and pessimism—in fact, he is the most prominent pessimist in the entire western philosophical tradition. Introduction - Famous Philosophers. Nineteenth and twentieth-century writers which could be said to express pessimistic views in their works or to be influenced by pessimistic philosophers include Charles Baudelaire, Samuel Beckett, Gottfried Benn, Jorge Luis Borges, Charles Bukowski, Dino Buzzati, Lord Byron, Louis-Ferdinand Céline, Joseph Conrad, Fyodor Dostoevsky,: 6 Mihai Eminescu, Sigmund Freud, Thomas Hardy, Sadegh Hedayat, H. P. Lovecraft, Thomas Mann… To get inspired, read works by famous philosophers that came before you, like Plato, Thomas Aquinas, and … Granted, they're not usually positive, but there's some wisdom to gain from some of her clear-eyed view of motivation. Platonism remains one of his important contributions. Rembrandt’s Philosopher in Meditation, a classical view of philosophy isolated from the world. This orientation played a major part in his theology as well. Optimism: A Philosophy of Life As a philosophy of life, optimism is a choice one makes in response to uncontrollable circumstances. Unfortunately their knowledge has always been incomplete, and while it explains some things well, their ideas invariably led to paradoxes and confusion. Michel de Montaigne, “Montaigne likes to point out that philosophers don’t know everything, and that they would be a lot wiser if they laughed at themselves a little more. But the reverse can also be true, says de Botton. Man is a creature of passion. 5 years ago. If it was known, the knowledge of it would be incommunicable.” Important Philosophers of Nihilism . If anything did exist it could not be known. It is the antithesis of optimism, an attitude of general hopefulness, coupled with the view that there is a balance of good and pleasure in the world. His general drift is that you’d be mad to expect happiness from a relationship.”, 4. 1. 1 decade ago. Compilation of Rust Cohle's Pessimistic Philosophy True Detective (Season One) Compiled by: Andrew Gardner **I do not own the rights to the content herein. But Seneca says the saddest things — and strangely enough, he is very consoling. Perhaps the original nihilist was Gorgias (483 to 378 BCE) who is famous for having said: “Nothing exists. Optimism, the theory, in philosophy, that the world is the best of all possible worlds or, in ethics, that life is worth living. He stresses the morbid conclusion that he is a useless passion. Adi Shankara (9th Century AD) Shankaracharya was an Indian spiritual teacher and philosopher. 1021 2175 . She likes to eat and learn, at times in tandem. '”, 5. Sigmund Freud. It was found that freshmen who scored high on optimism before entering college were reported to have lower levels of psychological distress than their more pessimistic peers, while controlling for the other personality factors. Top 500 famous poems. 57% Upvoted. Learn Religions uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Philosophical pessimism is a worldview and a set of ideas proposed, driven, expressed, studied, explored and encouraged by a number of philosophers, artists and others. Over the past centuries, humanity's lot has improved dramatically - in the developed world, where it is rather obvious, but also in the developing world, where life expectancy has more than doubled in the past 100 years. Phenomenal Woman - Maya Angelou #5 . essay The Last Messiah, it really is one of the most depressingly pessimistic works I’ve ever read. II. A Skylit Drive From First To Last Idiot Pilot The Higher Klaxons My Favouirte Pornstar Bright Eyes Escape The Fate The Academy Is The Irish Front Underoath Shiny Toy Guns Yeah Yeah Yeahs The Blood … Another study conducted by Aspinwall and Taylor (1990) assessed incoming freshmen on a range of personality factors such as optimism, self-esteem, locus of self-control, etc. . I'm not particularly pessimistic but I don't think that you'll like this answer. The dual are similar in the way they describe the state of nature in which man exist without government and they expound on the risks in the state. "Do you believe in the life to come?" You can find this assertion in both popular and academic literature, yet as widespread as it is, it isn’t an accurate portrayal of his work. Life Pain Fight. Arthur Schopenhauer represents Germany’s greatest contribution to the tradition of philosophical pessimism. If you’ve ever even glanced at his 1933 (?) 0 0. All The World's A Stage - William Shakespeare. The collected works of Epicurus He also presented the Law of Continuity. However, this right or wrong approach is deceiving. I take on the following three tasks. Both optimism and pessimism have bright and dark sides — what you do matters more than how you see the glass. Immanuel Kant is considered to be one of the most famous and highly respected Philosophers. . History of Optimism. 546 1077 . Famous Philosophers (A-Z) Explaining Famous Philosophers from the past 2,500 years (George Berkeley, 1710) ... Schopenhauer, Arthur - Famous for Introducing Eastern Mysticism into Western Philosophy, being Pessimistic (Realistic) about the Nature of Man, and critiquing Kant's Metaphysics. He was an advocate for a freethinking and liberal society. Famous Philosophers / 50 Greatest Philosophers. 0 0. First, I consider whether such judgments, apparently products of temperament rather than reason, can be the subject of productive philosophical analysis. 0 0. Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712 – 1778) – Rousseau is famous for his belief in the goodness of humans before the corrupting influence of civilization [the so-called “noble savage.”] He also believed that children have a good intrinsic nature that is corrupted by society. If you try to lead based on someone else’s philosophy, you’ll be less effective. He enjoyed … Sure, the old Greek guys from 2,400 years ago get all the glory. Like “Abby must have been the one who found the safe house, because Townsend didn't like it. Like most romantics he believed that the natural was good. Fears can point toward hope if one takes the time to … Most famous philosophers were from European countries. Austin Cline, a former regional director for the Council for Secular Humanism, writes and lectures extensively about atheism and agnosticism. He advocated and spread a philosophy of Advaita Vedanta, which stresses the underlying unity of creation. The Twilight of the Idols Daria Morgendorffer, The 'Motivation-Aware' Pessimist. 4 years ago . His thinking tended to prioritize concrete reality over abstract thought. 0 0 //// Lv 7. Reality is often pathetic.” ― Young-ha Kim, I Have the Right to Destroy Myself. Oct 10, 2015 - Explore Famous Philosophers's board "List of Famous Philosophers" on Pinterest. Voltaire was a great French philosopher and was a huge figure in the enlightenment period. 117 likes . You should also spend time thinking about big, unanswerable questions, like what it means to live and what the point of existence is. Gorgias (pre-socratic philosopher who believed that nothing exists) 0 0. He makes some brilliant analyses of why love affairs tend to go wrong (he’s perfect to read after a breakup). share. 1. Source(s): https://shrinke.im/babEc. Unless we are in such significant, traumatic suffering, we cannot kill ourselves. share. Whether he was at home or relaxing with friends at the Cafe de Procope in Paris, Voltaire drank 20 to 40 cups of coffee every day. Dmitri Pisarev Nikolai Dobrolyubov Nikolai Chernyshevski Friedrich Nietzsche; Is Nihilism a Violent Philosophy? However, at the age of sixty-five-years old, he set out with his famous chicken recipe and only a $105 social security check to his name, in an attempt to sell his franchise chicken model. ‘The whole of it calls for tears. 4 Famous French Philosophers and What We Can Learn from Them. A Danish theologian, social critic, and philosopher, Kierkegaard is viewed by many as the most important existentialist philosopher. We are absurdly anxious about success, says popular philosopher Alain de Botton (TED Talk: Alain de Botton: A kinder, gentler philosophy of success). Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), 6 thinkers whose depressing ideas will make you feel better, TED Talk: Alain de Botton: A kinder, gentler philosophy of success. Famous for his book ‘Meditations‘ which offer short aphorisms of wisdom and advice. Inspiration, we rounded up 50 of the most important existentialist philosopher they do hold any value all... Believe in the development of ancient skepticism among the ancient Greeks mind, Chilton... 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