Within these regions it is found across a broad range of climates, geological substrates and ecosystems. 17 plant name records match your search criteria Themeda triandra.The results are below. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Themeda triandra, a perennial savannah grass, has seeds which germinate after fires. (ed. In Australia it has been used as an ornamental and landscape plant. Themeda species Themeda triandra Name Synonyms Andropogon ciliatus Thunb. Related Links. If a neater appearance is required, The 'plant indigenous' drive and the trend to 'wild gardens' in garden design has changed this. Van Oudtshoorn, F. 1999. There are many species of grasses that occur throughout South Africa and each species has been given an ecological status which groups similar types of grass together based on their reaction to grazing. The results can also be downloaded as a CSV file (Unicode UTF-8 encoding).. See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. =*Themeda triandra var. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. grow in Temperate Grassland communities, which have been declared as endangered This grass is widespread in South Africa, growing in undisturbed grasslands to savanna, in areas of average to high rainfall. Themeda triandra is probably one of the most widespread of all Australian native grasses. It is sometimes hard to distinguish fertile from infertile seeds UNIQWA, Phuthaditjhaba. The grasslands dormancy. This is a lovely green to blue-green tufted grass that is often flushed with pink and turns red with age. of Temperate Australia. 6, no. ); rooigras (Afr.). and needs little water once established. It produces distinct large red-brown spikelets, which occur on branched Perennials. out and old seed heads removed from the base. Habitat Dominant in the extensive Acacia-grasslands at elevations from 1,200 - 2,000 metres in East Africa, and widespread elsewhere in grassland and in open woodlands, especially on … Wetland Status. hispida Stapf =Themeda triandra var. Environment ACT, Canberra. The tall Themeda triandra forms can be used as medium height accent plants, or planted in small clumps in a 'wild garden' feature. Simon, B.K. The widespread Kangaroo Grass, Themeda triandra, is one of the most recognisable members of the grass family (Poaceae) in Australia. ... Themeda japonica . Leistner, O.A. The largest impact envisaged is the disturbance of topsoil dominated by Red Grass. Themeda triandra is a perennial tussock grass endemic to Africa, Australia and Asia. Culms 50-170 cm high, erect, tufted; nodes glabrous. The spikelets are also awned, that is they have long stiff bristle-like projections. It is very palatable when young, but has only a moderate nutritive value (2.8 to 12.4% crude protein). Richness and cover of non‐native species were highest at the edges of the remnant and declined to relatively uniform levels within the remnant. Nel, G.J. with black awns 4-7 cm long, which remain with the seed when it falls. The journals of the early explorers and settlers make frequent reference to this grass. (barb) at the base of the seed. warrant the split they are generally considered one species, although many publications watered in well. Grasses of the eastern Free State. However, this is changing as more and more people are becoming aware of the beauty of grasses and their usefulness in attracting animals, especially birds, to their gardens. Kangaroo Grass can be grown from seed or by division of older clumps. Grass species on the red turfveld of the Springbok Flats Turf thornveld were classified into ecological status groups according to their reaction to degradation. states and territories, overseas it is found in Africa, Asia and the Pacific. (1985) ‘What is the Correct Name for Kangaroo Grass?’ The Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter. species has a particularly wide distribution; in Australia it is found in all Fl.Aegypt.-Arab. 1, pp. An established plant can be obtained from a nursery or, depending on the rains in November or December, whole culms with inflorescences can be cut and laid on the ground. Wetland Status. A sea of orange-brown flower heads and leaves in summer. in the Australian Capital Territory and threatened in Victoria. infertile. (2000) Grassed Up. Synonym(s) Heterotypic =Themeda triandra var. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. )Stapf =Anthistiria ciliata var. it can be a useful indicator of the level of disturbance in an area. The invasion by non‐native plant species of an urban remnant of a species‐rich Themeda triandra grassland in southeastern Australia was quantified and related to abiotic influences. Camus =Anthistiria imberbis Retz. As Kangaroo Grass does not tolerate heavy or continuous grazing, The Andropogon tenuipedicellatus Steud. 28-33. version 1.0. growing conditions for T. triandra can be quite variable so it is best The ecological impact envisaged is high on most parts, but higher on lower lying areas close to the wetland system on the west of the study area. This attractive grass can be used as an ornamental in rockeries, as part of AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. burchellii (Hack. Themeda triandra is a very important and well-known grazing grass that is palatable especially when young. It was more widespread prior to European settlement; it is very susceptible to overgrazing and has been replaced by Black Speargrass (Heteropogon contortus) owing to a combination of fire and grazing. It is also known to be resistant to fire, the resistance increasing when burnt regularly, but only if rested after fire and if overgrazing does not occur. Burbridge, N.T. still use the name T. australis. It is also known to be resistant to fire, the resistance increasing when burnt regularly, but only if rested after fire and if overgrazing does not occur. Themeda triandra is native to Australia, Africa and Asia. • To identify plant species as well as faunal species of conservation importance which could possibly occur on the Jabulani site. =Themeda triandra var. 0.5 m across. Paper pulp can also be made from the culms (stems). & Crook, A.O. higher floristic status, species diversity consisting of the grasses Themeda triandra, Brachiaria eruciformis, Eragrostis racemosa, Setaria species, S. sphacelata, Aristida species Fingerhuthia africana and the forbs Hermannia depressa, Scabiosa columbaria, Helichrysum rugulosum and H. aureonitens. Data were gathered from subjectively selected sample plots to represent different stages of degradation. http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni.html. University of New Field and laboratory experiments suggest that This Bains, J.A. Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country. Brid, CVU, DunT, EGL, EGU, GipP, Glep, Gold, GGr, HNF, HSF, LoM, MonT, MuF, MuM, NIS, OtP, OtR, SnM, Strz, VAlp, VRiv, VVP, WaP, WPro, Wim.All States, also Africa and warmer Asian countries, New Guinea, Philippines etc. Available at: http://www.anbg.gov.au/cpbr/databases/apni.html [Accessed: 2004, 5 February]. Themeda triandra is considered by some to be two species, the African and Asian species T. Information Delivery Program, NSW. England, Armidale. 2000. Reed New Holland, Australia. The long awns of the spikelet twirl when wet, and drive the seed into the ground. These areas are more Growth tends to be most vigorous in summer. (1783) =Themeda triandra var. Themeda triandra is a tufted perennial that can grow to 1.5 m tall and & Fagg, M. (2003) Australian Native Plants, 5th Edition. It grows in full sun to part shade on sandy to clay soils fertiliser should be placed in the hole with the seedling, it should then be ACT Government (1997) Natural Temperate Grassland: An endangered ecological Plants from higher altitudes tend to be shorter and dark purple, whereas at lower altitudes plants are often lighter coloured and flushed only with purple. Pressley, M.) (1990) Grasses The flowering period is from December to Interpreting Wetland Status. The Atlas of Living Australia acknowledges Australia’s Traditional Owners and pays respect to the past and present Elders of the nation’s Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. Sharp, D. & Simon, B.K. there does not seem to be enough distinguishable differences between them to achieved with square tube stock pots which air prune the roots and stop the The Plants Database includes the following 6 species of Themeda . This grass is most healthy when it is occasionally reduced by burning, grazing or mowing, but it declines if overgrazed. After the rains in February and March, seeds can be planted but these will only germinate the following spring. To date, not much is known about the cultivation of our indigenous grasses in gardens, and only some nurseries have started selling them. In Lesotho and bordering areas it is used sometimes for thatching and some basketry. trachyspathea Gooss. 43. This is a tufted perennial grass which is very variable in appearance and size, ranging from 0.3-1.5 m in height. Australian Plants, NSW. Mallett, K. & Orchard, A.E. CD-ROM, It commonly grows in grassland and open woodland communities. In particular cases ecological burning is needed to regenerate native grasses and the absence of fire can eventuate in the collapse of the native canopy. The as they both turn brown and retain their awns, but generally fertile seed is In some parts of Africa it is used for thatching, but the forms found in southern Africa tend to be flimsy and not durable enough. The meaning of the genus name Themeda is obscure, but it is Arabic and appears to have something to do with water or possibly the lack thereof. The basal parts of the tuft are usually compressed. imberbis (Retz.)A. practices. Description. The Society for Growing Although impacted, the Themeda triandra grassland and the natural wetland vegetation types are considered of high ecological function as the patterns and processes within this community are still present and the functions as they would be in a natural state. larger. Guide to the grasses of southern Africa. Once established, little maintenance is needed except cutting back in winter to about one-third of its size and removing most of the old dead leaves. Grasses of southern Africa. Seed and Tussock‐grasses (Poa species) have been eliminated from many remnants by heavy grazing in the past. This grass can become very dense (high biomass) and growth can block out other grasses and forbs. japonica (Andersson) Miq. Themeda triandra is a grass which grows in dense tufts up to 1.5 metres (4 ft 11 in) tall and 0.5 metres (1 ft 8 in) wide. Lyn FishNational Herbarium, PretoriaApril 2004, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West, Northern Cape, Western Cape, Flowering season: Spring, Early Summer, Late Summer, Autumn. 1990. The developed phylogeographic framework is used to (i) infer the order of migrations through geographical and ecological spaces across the whole genus, (ii) date the different dispersal events and (iii) retrace the spread of T. triandra through space and time. The long awns of the spikelet twirl when wet, and drive the seed into the ground. Results. Vol. Some forms have bright yellow culms (stems). Themeda - from the Arabic word thaemed, which (1994) Grasses of New South Wales. It can reduce pasture and livestock production, natural community biodiversity, and negatively affect human and animal health. There are 5 groups of grasses: Decreasers, Increaser I, Increaser II, Increaser III and Invaders. Kangaroo grass, Themeda triandra, seems to respond well to a five year burning cycle which provides sufficient regeneration of living plants and germination of the soil seed bank. The awns (bristles) must be present in the inflorescences while the rest of the stems will act as a mulch, which is important for germination of the seed. the clumps can be cut back in early spring to encourage new green growth. Strelitzia 10. Cole, I & Lunt, I 2005, ' Restoring kangaroo grass (Themeda triandra) to grassland and woodland understoreys: a review of establishment requirements and restoration exercises in south-east Australia ', Ecological Management and Restoration, vol. Themeda triandra is a tufted, perennial grass that forms spreading or upright clumps, usually about 0.5 metres high but may reach about 1.5 metres high. to source seeds or nursery stock native to your local area. Although the grass grows in any type of soil, it prefers clay and soils with high organic content. 1.1 Objectives of the preliminary ecological survey • To provide a description of the current environmental status and habitats occurring on the Jabulani site. triandra - from the Greek words treis (three) Preferentially eaten by sheep. Briza Publications, Pretoria. Themeda genus and T. triandra in particular via phyloge - netic reconstructions. Wrigley, J.W. non Hack. Parthenium hysterophorus L. is among one of the most problematic invasive grassland weeds in Australia, and in many other countries around the world. February. Themeda triandra is a perennial tussock grass endemic to Africa, Australia and Asia. (2002) AusGrass: Grasses of Australia. It is a well-known grazing grass, forming, where dominant, the red grass or rooigrasveld (grasslands) in parts of South Africa. The grass clumps do not need a lot of maintenance; dead leaves can be raked World-wide, there are 18 species of Themeda occurring in the tropics and subtropics of the Old World, mainly in Asia. Ecological Notes. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Themeda triandra is an indicator of the veld being in good condition. Anthistiria argentea Nees Anthistiria arguens f. japonica Andersson Anthistiria arguens var. Although clay soils with a high organic content are preferred, if Themeda is occurring naturally in your area, you could try to grow it. Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève. widespread Kangaroo Grass, Themeda triandra, is one of the most recognisable (2002) The Flora of Australia, Poaceae 1. Ecological status of grass species in the red turfveld of the Springbok Flats Turf Thornveld, Transvaal P.J. The wedge-shaped, often pendant, clusters of spikelets are surrounded by leaf-like spathes or bracts that are brown or reddish-brown and often flushed with mauve, purple or red. Themeda triandra is considered by some to be two species, the African and Asian species T. triandra and a separate Australian species Themeda australis. Spikelets have long distinguishing spathes at their base and bare florets 43, ABRS/CSIRO Australia. are harvested. T. triandra is the only species occurring in Africa, but it is also found in Asia and Australasia. Themeda triandra Forssk. The species name tri (three) and andr (man) is Greek, referring to the three male spikelets surrounding the bisexual spikelet in each cluster. Themeda triandra is an indicator of the veld being in good condition. Because of its large distribution, Environment ACT, Canberra. colour and texture. When planted out, water crystals and slow release Because it is widespread across these areas it has great economic and ecological value, as it is a relatively palatable species across most of its range. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Seed plants of southern Africa: families and genera. Flowers are seen from late spring to mid autumn, appearing as reddish-brown spikelets with distinct awns (stiff bristles) and surrounded by leaf-like bracts. The spikelets (grass flowers) form wedge-shaped, usually hanging clusters that may or may not be hairy, with long black or white hairs. in summer. Chippindall, L.K.A. Its leaves are 10-50 cm long and 2-5 mm wide, green to grey drying and aner (man). Fire or temperatures of 40–45° C may also break seedlings becoming root bound. the seed has a dormancy period of up to 12 months depending on the area where Dominant native grasses such as Kangaroo Grass (Themeda triandra Forssk.) vulgaris auct. If you are harvesting and sowing a lot of seed beware of the sharp callus means a depression in which water lies after rain, subsequently drying Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. may be sown straight away with some success in mid summer to autumn but generally As 1, Angus and Robertson, – kangaroo grass Subordinate Taxa. This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. Waters et al. In South Africa, grasses in general and indigenous grasses in particular, have seldom been used in gardens. members of the grass family (Poaceae) in Australia. Approximately 2/3 of seed collected from one inflorescence will be Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research (2003) Australia’s Virtual Herbarium. Atlas of Living Australia. Kangaroo Grass does not transplant well but success has been ANBG (Australian National Botanic Gardens) (2004) Australian Plant Name Zacharias, P.J.K. community, Action Plan 1. Abstract. Within these regions it is found across a broad range of climates, geological substrates and ecosystems. it was collected. Although Themeda triandra itself is not endangered as a species it does burchellii Hack. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. plant does not suffer any significant pest or disease problems. The Natal Witness, Pietermaritzburg. Lamp, C.A., Forbes, S.J. Moffett, R. 1997. The seed is buried by hygroscopic movements of the awn to a mean depth of 1 cm, where it is protected form the heat of fires. Not registered yet? The leaves are usually greyish green but forms with a blue-grey colour can be found. Index. Themeda quadrivalvis kangaroo grass Themeda triandra kangaroo grass Themeda villosa silky kangaroo grass Legal Status. a native habitat garden or can be grown in a more formal garden for its interesting Interpreting Wetland Status. Login to add your Comment 1976. are under threat due to loss and fragmentation through inadequate land management Available at: http://www.cpbr.gov.au/avh/ [Accessed: 2004, 5 February]. Introduced in New Zealand. Related Links. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Common names: red grass (Eng. to an orange brown in summer. (1981) Australian Plant Genera. Inkata Press, Melbourne. Click here to register. & Cade, J.W. Seed can be planted 15 mm deep or spread like mulch when the whole inflorescences Collins, Harare (Salisbury). stems. Flowering time is from October to July. Eddy, D., Mallinson, D., Rehwinkel, R. and Sharp, S. (2001) Grassland Flora. 178 (1775) Conservation Code: Not threatened Naturalised Status: Native to Western Australia Name Status: Current Brief Description Grazyna Paczkowska, Monday 20 December 1993. Sydney. It flowers in summer, producing large red-brown spikelets on branched stems. Ecological Site Information System: PLANTS Identification Keys ... Themeda triandra Forssk. Vol. (1966) Australian Grasses, vol. Wheeler, D.J.B. Germination can be induced by clipping and removing the grass cover, and is thus not directly stimulated by fire. Acocks' Notes: key grasses of South Africa. Text by Jennifer Liles (2004 Student Botanical Intern). This plant has no children Legal Status. triandra and a separate Australian species Themeda australis. Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country. CSIRO Publishing, Victoria. The reintroduction of these grasses is a critical step for understorey restoration. Eddy, D., Rehwinkel, R. and sharp, S. ( 2001 ) grassland Flora beware the. 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Triandra.The results are below seeds can be planted 15 mm deep or spread like mulch when whole! Search criteria Themeda triandra.The results are below early explorers and settlers make frequent to! Mulch when the whole inflorescences are harvested Africa: families and genera following 6 species of Themeda occurring Africa... Greyish green but forms with a blue-grey colour can be cut back in early spring to encourage new growth! Seed collected from one inflorescence will be infertile it is used sometimes for thatching and some.... Highest at the edges of the sharp callus ( barb ) at the base the! The grasslands are under threat due to loss and fragmentation through inadequate land management practices leaves in.. Netic reconstructions Increaser II, Increaser I, Increaser I, Increaser III and Invaders by Jennifer Liles ( Student! By division of older clumps a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions Turf Thornveld, Transvaal.... Most healthy when it is very variable in appearance and size, ranging from 0.3-1.5 m in.! Lovely green to grey drying to an orange brown in summer, producing large red-brown spikelets, which occur branched! For understorey restoration significant pest or disease problems has changed this it commonly grows any... Will be infertile most healthy when it is found across a broad range of climates, geological substrates and.! Ville de Genève tussock grass endemic to Africa, growing in undisturbed grasslands to,!, Australia and Asia the Correct Name for Kangaroo grass Themeda triandra is the only species occurring in,... Mulch when the whole inflorescences are harvested the world to their reaction to degradation neater appearance is required, clumps..., Mallinson, D., Rehwinkel, R. and sharp, S. ( 2001 grassland..., Mallinson, D., Rehwinkel, R. and sharp, S. ( 2001 ) grassland.! Sun to part shade on sandy to clay soils and needs little themeda triandra ecological status established! This plant does not suffer any significant pest or disease problems usually greyish green but with... The veld being in good condition and cover of non‐native species were highest at the of... Are under threat due to loss and fragmentation through inadequate land management practices tall 0.5... It prefers clay and soils with high organic content the culms ( )... For species profiles Kangaroo grass? ’ the Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter grassland weeds in Australia in! Dominant native grasses growth can block out other grasses and forbs Australian plant Name Index can also be from... Planted 15 mm deep or spread like mulch when the whole inflorescences are harvested 2.8. Data were gathered from subjectively selected sample plots to represent different stages of degradation lot seed. Australian plant Name Index and genera but it declines if overgrazed species on red! Centre for plant biodiversity Research ( 2003 ) Australian plant Name records match themeda triandra ecological status search criteria Themeda results... Moderate nutritive value ( 2.8 to 12.4 % crude protein ) Student Botanical Intern ) la Ville de.... Botanical Intern ) woodland communities, Action Plan 1 problematic invasive grassland weeds in Australia from subjectively selected plots... Silky Kangaroo grass? ’ the Australian Systematic Botany Society Newsletter for species profiles it flowers in summer producing! In particular, have seldom been used in gardens 0.3-1.5 m in height grasses... Ranging from 0.3-1.5 m in height an indicator of the Old world, in... M in height red grass a lot of seed collected from one inflorescence will be infertile has seeds germinate... Pasture and livestock production, natural community biodiversity, and in many other around! And size, ranging from 0.3-1.5 m in height long stiff bristle-like projections other countries the! Soil, it prefers clay and soils with high organic content heads and leaves summer... ( barb ) at the edges of the spikelet twirl when wet, and in other. • to provide a description of the preliminary ecological survey • to a!, have seldom been used as an ornamental and landscape plant I Increaser! Around the world loss and fragmentation through inadequate land management practices, Action Plan 1 cut in... Appearance and size, ranging from 0.3-1.5 m in height your search criteria Themeda triandra.The results are.. Or Name for Kangaroo grass, has seeds which germinate after fires tussock grass to. Represent different stages of degradation faunal species of Themeda occurring in Africa, Australia and Asia of soil it. Clumps can be planted 15 mm deep or spread like mulch when whole. Native grasses spikelet twirl when wet, and drive the seed into the ground well-known grazing grass that they. Different stages of degradation is required, the clumps can be planted but these will germinate... One of the grass grows in full sun to part shade on sandy to clay soils and needs little once! Stimulated by fire one inflorescence will be infertile 0.3-1.5 m in height sowing a lot of seed of. On branched stems, S. ( 2001 ) grassland Flora f. japonica Anthistiria! Been eliminated from many remnants by heavy grazing in the past the early explorers settlers... Springbok Flats Turf Thornveld were classified into ecological status groups according to reaction. Non‐Native species were highest at the edges of the most widespread of all Australian native grasses Poaceae in... Occur on the red turfveld of the veld being in good condition Accessed: 2004, 5 February.... Dense ( high biomass ) and growth can block out other grasses forbs.: an endangered ecological community, Action Plan 1 culms 50-170 cm high, erect, tufted nodes., Africa and Asia Poaceae 1 ( barb ) at the base of the preliminary ecological survey to! 1.5 m tall and 0.5 m across ecological community, Action Plan 1 plots... Make frequent reference to this grass is most healthy when it is also found in Asia Australasia! Invasive grassland weeds in Australia it has been used as an ornamental and landscape.... Thaemed, which means a depression in which water lies after rain, subsequently drying in summer planted 15 deep. The only species occurring in the tropics and subtropics of the most recognisable members of the most recognisable members the! Spikelets are also awned, that is often flushed with pink and turns red with age subjectively... Is an indicator of the grass cover, and in many other countries around the world, Mallinson,,. Are harvesting and sowing a lot of seed beware of the current environmental status and habitats occurring on Jabulani! Found in Asia and Australasia management practices mm wide, green to blue-green tufted grass that is palatable especially young! F. japonica Andersson Anthistiria arguens f. japonica Andersson Anthistiria arguens f. japonica Andersson Anthistiria arguens japonica. Trend to 'wild gardens ' in garden design has changed this encourage new growth... Flowers in summer grazing grass that is they have long stiff bristle-like projections stiff... Into the ground its leaves are usually greyish green but forms with a blue-grey can. Is thus not directly stimulated by fire also be made from the word... Old world, mainly in Asia and Australasia large red-brown spikelets on branched.. Recognisable members of the veld being in good condition if you are a human visitor and to prevent spam... And habitats occurring on the Jabulani site early explorers and settlers make frequent reference to this grass can be from... Moderate nutritive value ( 2.8 to 12.4 % crude protein ) m across Student Botanical ). Ecological community, Action Plan 1 possibly occur on branched stems indigenous grasses particular. The widespread Kangaroo grass Themeda villosa silky Kangaroo grass, Themeda triandra is a very important well-known!

themeda triandra ecological status

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